SOVIET RUSSIA. Brief history of the USSR
"HISTORY OF SOVIET RUSSIA"
The proposed textbook gives an idea of the main events, processes and laws of the historical development of Russia in the Soviet period. The book helps to comprehend differently interpreted events of the modern history of the state helps to develop the skills of independent thinking when relying on historical facts.
The manual is designed for applicants, students and all interested in the history of the country in the 20th century
The main events of the Russian history of the twentieth century:
1914 - Russia's entry into the First World War.
1916 - Brusilovsky breakthrough.
1917 - February Revolution. The abdication of Nicholas II from the throne. Provisional Government. October Revolution . The beginning of the Civil War (until 1922-1923).
1918 - Overclocking of the Constituent Assembly. Brest World.
1919-1921 - Soviet-Polish War
1921 - Transition to the New Economic Policy.
1922 - The formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics .
1924 - Death of V. I. Lenin. Adoption of the First Constitution of the USSR.
1928 - The First Five-Year Plan (until 1932). Industrialization.
1929 - The beginning of complete collectivization.
1932 (autumn) —1933 (spring) - Hunger in the USSR .
1936 - The Stalinist Constitution of the USSR was adopted.
1939 - Soviet-German non-aggression pact . Soviet-Finnish war (until 1940).
1941 - The beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Battle for Moscow.
1941 (09/08) - 1944 (01/27) - The Siege of Leningrad .
1942 - Battle of Stalingrad .
1943 - Battle of Kursk. Tehran Conference.
1944 - Operation Bagration - the liberation of Belarus from the Nazis.
1943-1944 - Mass deportations of the peoples of the North Caucasus and the Crimea.
1945 - Yalta Conference . The victorious conclusion of World War II. Soviet-Japanese war.
1946 - The beginning of the Cold War.
1949 - August 29 there was a successful test of the atomic bomb at the Semipalatinsk test site. The beginning of the "struggle with cosmopolitanism."
1953 - The death of Stalin . G. M. Malenkov, who took the post of chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers, becomes the actual leader of the USSR. Test of the first Soviet hydrogen bomb.
1954 - The beginning of the development of virgin lands.
1955 - Displacement of Malenkov, power passes to the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, N. S. Khrushchev. The signing of the Warsaw Pact.
1956 - XX Congress of the CPSU. Report Khrushchev "On the cult of personality and its consequences . " Soviet troops entered into Hungary. Rehabilitation of the repressed.
1957 - Launch of the world's first artificial satellite (Sputnik-1).
1961 - The space flight of Yu. A. Gagarin .
1962 - The Caribbean Crisis.
1964 - The removal of N. S. Khrushchev from power. The leader of the country becomes L. I. Brezhnev.
1965 - Economic reform of national economy management and planning in the USSR under the leadership of A. N. Kosygin.
1968 - Soviet participation in the suppression of the Prague Spring .
1972 - Treaties on the limitation of the missile defense system and strategic offensive weapons.
1972 - The match for the title of world chess champion between the acting Russian world chess champion Boris Vasilievich Spassky and the American challenger Robert James Fisher, in which the latter won.
1977 - Adoption of the Brezhnev Constitution of the USSR.
1979 - The beginning of the Afghan war , which ended in 1989.
1982-1985 - the death of L. I. Brezhnev, the change of power in the USSR. For four years, two leaders changed (Andropov and Chernenko spent a year and three months on the post of general secretary of the party for three months and three hundred and eighty days respectively)
1985 - Mikhail S. Gorbachev was elected General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Start adjustment.
1986 - The largest technogenic catastrophe at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine.
1991 - The election of B. N. Yeltsin as president of the RSFSR. Education Emergency Committee . The failure of the coup attempt. The collapse of the USSR . The end of the cold war.
1992 - Start of liberal economic reforms. The beginning of privatization.
1993 - The constitutional crisis, the attack of supporters of the dissolved Supreme Council on the building of the Moscow City Hall and the Ostankino television center. The shooting of the Russian parliament. The adoption by popular vote of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
1994-1996 - The war in Chechnya.
1996 - B. N. Yeltsin was re-elected President of the Russian Federation.
1998 - Default in Russia.
1999 - The invasion of militants in Dagestan, the beginning of the Second Chechen campaign, a series of terrorist acts in Russian cities (Buinaksk, Moscow and Volgodonsk) - apartment buildings exploding, B. N. Yeltsin’s resignation, appointment of Vladimir V. Putin as Acting President of the Russian Federation .
2000 - V. Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation . Creating federal districts in the Russian Federation. The disaster of the submarine "Kursk". Fire at the Ostankino television tower in Moscow.
RUSSIA IN THE REVOLUTION AND CIVIL WAR 1917-1921
NEP - NEW ECONOMIC POLICY. 1921-1929
SOVIET SOCIETY AT THE END OF THE 20-30S
AN ATTACK ON ANOTHERNESS IN IDEOLOGY AND CULTURE. Party dictation and culture. The GPU intensified work among the intelligentsia, about 160 oppositionist scholars and cultural figures were expelled from Russia
SOVIET UNION DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR
STRENGTHENING THE PERSONAL POWER REGIME AND YEARS OF REFORMS. 1946-1964
The USSR IN THE PERIOD OF "Zastoy" AND "Rebuilds" Perestroyka