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 ooa cooo pya >>

 

ooa cooo pya


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2.2. e eeoc eoea

 

Cyecye aerop pocx o ope opoco, a oope pyo a yeee cex oe. K cy ax opoco oocc opoc o cce .

Ka eoe a ae ayaec o o, ocoeo oc capoc. oc cca o, o-oy, ocooe, o oae eoea o pyx x cyec.

poea cca ee , ppo eoea, eo eca poa oceo opooe co ya. Haoee ec aopa ax pao c: oco Apcoe, yp, Map Ape, M. Moe, . , A. oeayp, E. Tpyeo, C. pa; cae . ecce, . H. Toco, . ocoec; eoor peoe ee . Ka, A. eep, Tep e ape, Aecap Me, p Aypoo p. oa cca yaeaoe aee e Bex ae, Ho ae, Kopa, ec ya, ya pyrx pe.

Ceye oe, o coocoeae "cc " aoee xapaepo pycco oco oa XIX aaa XX . aae aop ca o ppoe eoea, ex oax eo eeoc, y eco ypoc. B Pocc ca eo cc . Bo o a o o o aoee aopex oeecex ocoo C. pa:

"... cooee, e oee paepea yopoea e , e oee oa aa ey e epeca ee yay x ocyece, e ye a yea oa, oopo oxopoe opoc o cce . ooy , apep, , o cpe ... a yo coce e epecyec oee ... M, pycce, oac o coe aype, oac, epoo, o coe eycpoeoc eaaeoc ae ee, paaco, oo oeceo , pee, "aooye" peea oac o aax epoee e, o oe yc opoco o cce , oee opo yc , oee paac cox yex" [Cc , C. 493494]. aee C. pa e, o pycco epayp oco e opoc: "... yo cea, a aa , o oa ..." [Ta e. .502].

Hecop a opooe paoopae ococx o yxox ye, oe o, oop pxo oco cex pee apoo ooe cca ee , ocaoo , o ca A. oeayp oe peco coe cao oypo e "Aop eco ypoc": "Bce oceyee ox epax, oeo, ye caaoc ypea, ora a y, . e. oa ; - [. . 6].

a, ey e ya, o e A. oeaypa, ype aaoo pa? pee cero, o yepeoc aepax aax, ocoae cyeoc cpee oracy cae. Bo ecoo a o o: "Coo e, ocox xooax, eyoo, a ypa, c ypa o eepa a yeee ye cyecyero oaca; yo ce, o xo yoo pya apaex o e cpec: x yca ya eocpa ey oy, Bce acae yxoe eocy x; eo capac o ae x opo, oe yce yooc, pey ao pee oo . Peya caco, coycyeo yae, aoo eoea, pac a coe eo e opoo ye ooa, ye pooa oopy peocaec acea. Taa , xo eec c oo cepeoc aoc, ye cy oo a e ya, a ca, ocyeca e ypaoo oaa" [Ta e. C. 15].

"Be ce, cae oae o paoopa aoee paee acae cy yxoe, a oc oac a o ce; a ae acae oycoe pee ceo a yxo ca" [Ta e.C.11].

Ccac a Apcoe pyx ypeo peoc, oeayp yepae: ".cace eoea aaec cooo cooa peoaax e cocooce" [Ta e. C. 31].

Ocya cpeee ac cae, oeayp aeae: "o oey pay ac pae ypoy aay, a peaee coo yoc" [Ta e. C. 29].

"aa ca oce, o oopo opeac ype, caa Ta" [Ta e. C. 58].

epexo cepee coe "oye paa" (. e. a po ac e paec peoea), ee oco, ccac a Apcoe, e: "Mype oe ca e acae, a ocyc cpaa" [Ta e. C. 113]. a c eoopao oopec. Hapep: "ye oc a acae axo paoapoae; ype e oo eae op" [Ta e. C. 115].

To, o oeayp aae oye, o oo aaoo e ypa, Mapa Ape, . Kaa, pa ya. o o, acoc, coocae peex paee a co cey coa ypa: "Koa oop, o acaee ec oea e, o payee o e acae pacyca yceoc, a oaa e, o e ae, e paee oxo oae ae yee, e, payee cooy o cpaa ea o ce y" (. o [Tapao. C. 447]).

e eoea peopee apae eo aoc pax cepax pya cooa coooo pee. A. Mapa ca o o a: "B ao oao cpae axoc pepe ycco op, oopa ac, o epy oo cocae c e ea, o peaaee ypea ec copeee coe ayp ooo oeo ca opeoce oee, o ooe oaco aaec e o a, a ye opeoce. Kpae pooooo o pepac e, o cae, o coae ox opeoce ea cea oeo, a a oo oyae e apaa oe yc. Copo oo a, oeo, oyca oy, oaa, a oe epep Cecep, o y, o paoa, a e paoa, o .

ca, oeo, aaec o, o eoe cy coeo opaecoo ycpoca cpo epapye, ec ey e pxoc o ay-y ey paoy, peooea ae-o pyoc; eoope apee yc poco eoxo coxpae eo ecoo opaoo opo. ooa poec pa p-ee ooo oueo ca ooo oee ox cocooce" [Mapa. C. 205].

oa cca ee cyeceoe aee e pao pyccx ocoo oa XIX aaa XX .: B. B. Poaoa, B. . Heceoa, E. H. Tpyeoo, A. . Beecoo, M. M. Tapeea, C. . paa. Ocoe e x aopo aeo epe opae e C. . paa "Cc ", ao 1925 . ape, oopao epeaaec oce 1990 ., o ce ypao "Bopoc oco" (1992. 11).

Aapy pae pecae o cce ex , C. pa pee ceo oaae eccceoc peao ee, oop cpec oaa ac e. o oo cy o cey aa:

"o , a oa aec ec, ecccea, o oa aee epe e yoeope yco, p opx ee oo o pa ee cc, o ec ca, oopo ac c yeae: o, eocpecee ae a , copecoe oae cy eoeeca, ececeo-ayoe oae pooo yc-poca poo o" [Cc . C. 523].

"...Ta aepaco ee o e Aepe Epoe cyec, ea ea, capac ooac oe ce cooa eyo pyo coa yc, oopo eora o o oa o yxoo a. Ta oeco xopae oe opaop ae a yopo ecoo pooey cpaeoc pay, o y pooeo, cyaee oycoac o oa, o e ae, eo o e, e paa opo eo . Bce , ee , e oee eee ao cyacee oece, oopoe cyecye oo, a Pocc o peo, paaapuaue a, oope oa-o, xx, ex acepcx, epeo coa a peece" [Ta e. C. 568].

Ho ec peaa oaeo oca e ecccea, o e e ao ca cc ? Kae e ao ca c? C. pa oeae a opoc a: "... ac, aoe oe eo o ea, oe ac coeo pee apaa a ocooe eo: a aoee yp ce c opa, e oopx ce ocae ea caoc eccce pe. Ha o ceo ea c. Cepr Paoecoro c oopee oea, o o aoco pa p ocoo a e yx oaxo coe oe; o aa, o oy peecoa ece yopoo oeoo aceecoo pya, o mu po o yxoe oaca, oop ac eee eo ocee ac pycce , o e eo, a ya-ae poae pycc cop Kec, pycce oa e e c oc a opy c aapa. M pec oea co o, opaoa ay , ea acoee, "paecoe" eo; aae, o oo y pee ceo c opa, oope yo ye pac ao cee. Peooe, ypeee eae, oa, aceeca opa c ca coo ec ao epe ocoo py eoeeco , aaa ca ee yae. o ec ocooe, epoe, eceoe oo pooeoe eoeecoe eo" [Ta e. C. 568].

C. pa oepae, o cpeee oy yxooy coepecoa o e o, a o, o, o eo , , . coe ee, aope, e ec e, op eo, cpay ecyee a eo apaaee cex e; o eae eo e oo oee pooeoe, o oee oee, oee axaaee e ee a x, e ca ye o opaop ae cae [Ta . C. 569].

Ka peac cec ye, C. pa oae cee oe, o ao y oy pa aeo e ce. ooy o e, o oa, yeee, aceeca o ye "oeo cx". "Ho oy o e ao, y oo pyoe peaaee: o ye oy ocyec cc coe cpay y nymu: ac o epe c eyoo po oy paa cee Eo cy, ece c e Hey epe epepaoy coepecoae pcx c cee opy ce, epe pcocoee x cex cye oy. Tao y pa. a o y eoxoo npaoepo oae a oceoc, cy oopo opeee o pa oo coeac c o coyace e, c yce eo e cpeca coecoa eo pe eo pae" [Ta e. . 574].

e C. paa, E. Tpyeoo pyx pyccx ocoo o oo coy oy, o ca . Toco coe . peee c cooecy cyoc ecx aceo pox pe yxox ye.

M paccope aoee ece oe cca . oco, eoo peoe ee y o cyeoc cpee oacy, cae, ac, aepa aa. Oao oco e cpec eo oy. Bo co cyae, paece ec ae ceo apae a ocee aepax . ooece oe, oe o ococx eooecx, a pao, cxo paa opeoce aepax aax ac.

Ocoo oeo po oo ec o, o oee oo acee e e oe yoeop eeape opeoc cyecoa, a eep ocoo ooae. Ka cpaeo e . pe, " ooo roooo eoea, ec oo o pe, e ye o, o o opa co oce oap a o-o, poe e" [pe. C. 39].

Ec cpeee oooo e coepeo ececeo, o a o eae oax ca ee oae? ec oo yaa a e p epa caa c ppoo eoea, opa c ococye .

ppoa eoea a oo ocox e oco XVIIXVIII . o ca . , . Mae, . Xaeco, A. C, . . Pycco, . ea p. O aop oaa, o eoe aao op, pye o eoee peoaa c a, apecc, oa, papye. oce o aoee o paea . Maee, oop, acoc, ca: "... o ca oe, oa o epecao cyecoa, oeco oo o p yao, ec e papyc coce" ( . o: [Xaeco. C 13]). Coe Mae ocye ac cyo oo pee (aao XVIII .) a "poe ocoa pe opa" [Ta e. C. 13], o Mapc e x eca coo, . . Pycco oara, o aao eoe op, o a ( o ce ay cycca) ceaa eo oc.

ouco aopo cxo oo, o ao eoee yac a opo, a o; apy . Tao oxo eca coeopao opae paoax A. C. O cax oypx copo XIX . T. o coe "cop a A" ca, o ocoo eo pao A. Ca ec ppoa eoea.. epa a oo aopa "Teop pacex yc" ocea aay opx yc, pee ceo ycy ca, cocpaa; a opa (aoee eca) "oaco apoo" ocoaa a aae poe oa [C, 1868. C. 10]. o e o, epo x r C "pcae a ocy coyc", o opo "coeopc, o oo coee ooe pyoe..." [Ta e. C. 11]. B cyoc, o e a o yx aopax: A. Ce-ocoe A. Ce-ooce, oope e cea coac ey coo.

Haoee eca e Ca o "eo pye" a epe copypoaa e "oace apoo", a "Teop pacex yc" [Ta e. C. 240]. B o e e C e o eca a ocoo oe aoc eoea ("aa e aa coco eca, a e a..." [Ta e. C. 73]).

Coooee opa a eoee o ocoa ea aoee ax poee poo epayp. Heea oypoc ocoecoro o ox cpaax ocec pee ceo e, o coeae opa a eoeeco aype o opa ocoeo oeo. Tpyo peca aoe-o poeee, cocooe peo o ooe poa "pa Kapaao".

poea ppo eoea ec oo aex cxoor cxap. e 3. pea ox pyx cxooo ocoa a o, o eoee peoaa aco-ae c. ec cxoaa . po ca, o pea epa "... opa eoea aao apeccoo coepaero" [po. C. 101].

O ppoo arpeccoc eoea pe epexo eo pyo epe poeo cooc oype. "paacoe oeco cea axoc o ypoo pacaa -a aao paeoc e py pyy" (. o: [po, . 101102]).

o e aepacoo cxooa K. Poepca, e pea e oo copoo acoee pe: "...o a, o yax y eoe ppaoae, ecoapoa, papyee o ooe py cee, o pecaee paec o e coe. Koeo, c ooca poeca" [Poepc. C. 136].

Cpe ex, o e paee e o ppoo apeccoc eoea, Poepc aae A. Macoy ocooooa copeeo eop oa. Ha ocoe coceoro ecoo oa Poepc pxo aoy oy: "ypeee po eoeeco ... ec caocoxpa coa" [Ta e. C. 136].

O pyex oeecex eeo B. . poco oaae peoaae opoo aaa eoee e, o apy ec poyo o eoea, eo pcocoe opyae cpee. e ao o ex capax e o peeceoc epeae oa ooe.

ooco poea ppo eoea aa pee ceo c o coo eo pooceo aoc. Tpao ec yapcc oxo, copypoa Co: "He o aoeaeoc ca, oapa yoa oae oy co oe, a o coe cox cocex epeco M opaaec e x yaoc, a x oy oa e oop o ax yax, a o x oax" [C. 1962. C. 28].

B copeeo oece ooece o ec oue ac acee aeo epe oppyc peao, oopa paccaa peyeceo a oox e, ooy oa caoc e coo cpeco opa, coo ocaee opeoce yco. oy e cya oe ae, ypa aoee accoe cycca. B peyae, a ca P. epco, "e c cee oro eoeeco" ( o: [ecep, . 161]).

P ooco oaa oaa oacoc caaec ee. Ta, . pe ca: " caoc cya o a, oopy coa oro, o oa a cya" [pe. C. 43]. cpae acypoc eyepoo cpee opee ooecoy pocy ec ceyee ero aeae: "peoaaec, o co ep aae oy, o cyc opoa pa, o opoc: o cea yee aooo aoaoo poya?" [Ta e. C. 472].

Bece c e oe aopee ooc acaa a o, o o ooea o o ro aca p oy e aacpoece ocec ooecx . Hoeec aypea M. pe oeae, o pyo yaa o-o "cocooe co co oopa cae oco aeo oeca, a e o oeceoc pyooee opopa epe oeco, e oeceoc epe aoepa oc acao oo p" (. o: [pe. C. 158]).

p ce pa peex oe pe oe x oy coacoa p aae c o "e cpeca" "pep opae".

Ooa oeoe, oo e ceye ocoe e eeoc eoea:

1) aepae aa;

2) ac caa;

3) a opeco;

4) yxooe coepecoae.

epa aeo epe opa e oeo pcy cey ooy py. Tpe eepa coce oo . Ocoeo o oocc yxooy coepecoa, y, o C. pa aa "aoee c opa"

Cpeee aepa aa pecaec acoee pe coepeo ecece oucy acee e. Oe o oo eae ac ca, e oee o e aco ca c oaco. a opeco a e ocpac, o-oy, e oee e 10% ee pax cpa Pocc. B eo epe p yaax ee eeoc ocy e pecac ecece o.

B oe o oo o oceeo pee oe eoe ocpa yxooe coepecoae a ocoy e . Tpyo oc, eo eoxoo cpeee yxooy coepecoa. o o cya, oa oco c ypeee yco, epa, yeeoc. Moo oe, o a aoo pee p oe ce e, cpexc yxo eoc. Taoe ocee oe aepao, o a ao cyae ec ypeee cpeee eoea yxo eoc, oope oy a pero, a cec.

oeee oca e opeeec coeae pax ee. Hapep: aepae aa ac; aepae aa, ac, caa, opeco. Bece c e a epo aa-o oa e, a pao, ec opye, aoue cee opeee ec eoea.

oppoae ee ac o ox aopo: yax ocoeoce oc, ceex pa, eoo oa, oecex ooe p. ypae epcoao ocoeo a ec e poeccoax ocoeoce, cpyyp poocex oeo, ce . p aopx ycox oppyc e eoce opep, oope oea epeca oeca pep. aoopo, ecac coax ooe, aope epo, accoe apye op opa paa cococy ea ee oppoa ee eeoc e, Cooecye exa cceoac . peo, K. o, K. Xop, py cxooa, cxoaaa . B acoc, oaao, o oece, re ococy ooe oype, oeo eeo cpeee aeo ac e ac, cae, pecy [Xop. T. 1. . 393; T. 3. C. 241].

 

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