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 ooa cooo pya >>

 

ooa cooo pya


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10.1. p oppoa oxoo poo ooe

 

Bo ce oao pe ocoo pacpeee oeceoo oaca caec npuun pacnpeeeu no mpyy, oop ece, o pae epe, c ecx pee. Ee Aoco ae o opo oca eccaoa y: "Ec o e xoe pyc, o e e" (2 ec, 3:10), a epo oca opa "...a oy apay o coey pyy" (1 Kop., 3:8). p ce pocoe cpaeoc pa pacpeee o pyy eo paecoe ocyecee peye oea a p ocaoo cox opoco:

o oa o apaa peyaa pya?

a paec oea x p pax ax pya, ocoeo opecoro?

aoa oa epa oa a ey apa peyao pya?

ao oa ypoe epea oxoo?

eoe pe p pacpeee o oecy aecy pya oeeceo epaype paoac c o pacpeee o apaa pya. B ocee o aoe oae oepaec: ouco aopo oaae eoxooc pacpeee o peyaa pya.

M e oex ocoa acoa aoo aax . Bce opeeec xapaepo yco eeoc eoea. Tpy paoero, oeo opeeey oepa exoorecoo poecca oec ax oepa, a opao pyo ea (apep, aa yp), paec e oe e oaac o oppoa apaa pya, oope eoxo oce peyeoro (aooo) pooceoo peyaa. oa oop, o oaa pya oecx pa ocyecec o oeoy peyay. o ooo, o e co aco, a a ooa paa oa, cyoc, papacc o paepo aoa, ycaeo ooc ooy ay. ae e poy pa oaaec o ooceo oocoeoy peyay (oey ooc opaoax eae, copaoy yy a . .), o pacpeeee oeo apaoa paec ae ceo ocyecec poopoao apaa pya.

Bao oepy, o ce cya oocc pyy, oeoy o aao exoo. Tao py paee 4.2 aa a-pyo.

o ooe pyy, coepaey cyecey o eeo o, . e. opecoy pyy, opraa oa oa pao o. e e o eeo opeca, e oe epe pacpeeee eeo opepyec e a apa, a a peya pya. B ax ax opeca, a ayoe, execoe, eaoecoe . ., pacpeeee poyo pya ocyecec a o apaa, a o peyaa. peoaae o pyo a pacpeee eo opeeec oe opeca ao e eeoc. B ooeco acee opec ceye ca py, ocoo oa oopoo pao oe aopc . Ho acoee pe e oo ae cpae, o o cex pax cpaax oco yex eepo e oy oo a oopap a o coeo . Bece c e pep T. A. coa pyx opeaee oaae, o pe o ooo, aee ao oa ye oya ce oee .

ocoy pepaeco ec o o opeco eeoc, ocoy p pepae o e o oe, a aopcoo oopapa. Bece c e copeex ycox aoux ycexo oac, a pao, e pepae, oope oo o paeco peaa oe aye exece e opa oe ea cycce. oa pepae aop oo e oo o e o (apep, ocoae oa "op" ep op). ae pepae peaye ae, oop pecaec ey eo coea epce, oyae a epcex p. Bo cex x cyax epocoo p ec opeco aopo ox ayo-execx e, oeoc oopx yeaec aoap opecy pepae.

B poo ooe p pacpeee o pyy peayec cxo peeo poyoc opeoo paoa a opeo paoe ece, . e. oxo paoa p pox pax ycox yeaec cooec c poco oxoa pep o aoo a pya.

peea poyoc paoa ac o cpoca peoe a cooecye pe pya. p paoao opaoao ooe ea cooapoaoo opecoo pya aeo e, e aoapoaoo. o opaae oee coy poyoc apoaoo pya, ao ycox peo ce oecex ooe exooecx yao cyeceo eec cpyypa cpoca a py ea eoopx o cooapoaoo pya oe aeo cc. Taa cya xapaepa pa pya Pocc 90-x oo, oa oxo orx yex eepo oaac e, e y poao, accpo oxpao. B oox cyax, p oopx po exa e oeceae aeao pea, o ecoa ocyapcee ep peypoa, apaee a coxpaee eeyaoo yxooo oeaa cpa. ep "cpaaa" p a ocaox cpec ocyapceo ee. Ec o ycoe e oec, eea epaa ay, opaoa, yyp c oe ocec yyeo cpa. Paccopea cya ec cece pa paopeeo oopeeo aceax coooe cpoca peoe a pe pya [Mapa. T. 2. C. 49].

Ta opao, poo ooe p pacpeee o pyy opyec npuun pacnpeeeu no npeeo npoymuocmu mpya. a poyoc oa opeec c yeo cya a pax pya.

B ycox poo oo apy c oxoa o pya cyecey po rpa oxo o coceoc. B ae cpae pacnpeeeue no cocmeocmu eoe pe oao e eo cyeceoo ae paec e ocyaoc ayo epaype. Oao c yco a pyx ex ya pacpeeee o coceoc caoc peaoc p opeeex ycox oe ca ocaoo a. B acoee pe caoc ce oee ayao poea oaoo coea po pacpeee o pyy o coceoc, p o yac coao-cxooec ooec ace.

poea ooceo aoc pacpeee o pyy o coceoc ocyaec ooeco epaype e oy co e. A. Mapa ye o poee aeoe ae coe acceco paoe "p oo". B paee, aao "Pacpeeee aoaoo oxoa", coepc ec a, oopx p oce aay oxoo o pya, oa poey a aa (. e. oxoy o coceoc) e coepa oy xapaepcy cce pacpeee oeceoo oaca, B eo A, Mapa oe aay apaoo a pepo 80% paea, oceoo poee pacpeee.

ae o pacpeee oxoo CA pee cae aypeaa Hoeeco pe o ooe Bac eoea. O e, o 1990 , "o oxoo o coceoc cocae pepo 15% oro oxoa.." [eoe, C. 26]. Kpoe oo, B. eoe oeae, o o 1929 , pacxo ocyapca a ec, oco o oe, epaoe ee. Ceac o coca o 15% cyapoo oo oxoa paa CA. paa ceecye o o, o oa, pao oopx c aea aeo ac x a, a pao, paac aeo cpee o cpae c py. B acoee pe ec oo paa CA c cocea a.

Bece c e poc oxoo o coceoc oe pec yce pa ypoe aococo, e cax c cocooc e x pyo yc. o e oo apyae coec pecae o coao cpaeoc, o p opeeex ycox po ea ocec oo cpa, a a eae epa capoe o e, paeax pa yece pya. B oax cpaax o cax oypx ec oy "0eco pax oooce". Tao oy eocpeceo ceye pecae o oype a aee popecca. a e ec ocoo accooo coa cpaax c poo ooo ocoeo coa ocyapcex eee x cpa. ae cae eppe po eaeca ocyapca ooy e opaa po ep, apaex a coae pax capox oooce oox e pax coax py.

ep peycapa, acoc, coe ao a aceco (oope ea o coae ex aoopex, xyoecex pyx oo), a ae ccey oeca pacxoo a oyee yx oax yepceax oapex ee. ex, o ee cocoex poee, o e peycope eaco o aeaox oeo peyao ecpoa. B ao cyae pe e e o aoopeoc, a o oa eoc aao cpa ycox eco oype, oac oopo ocoo pacpec c c pacpee eyapoo opo oooce coooro epeee e.

Ta opao, ex cpaax, e pacpeeee oeceoo oaca ocyecec a o pyy, a o coceoc, coooee ey cepa ec x yx po ycaaaec xoe o ooecoo, coaoo oecoo pa. Hax opax coooe ocyapcee opa e ycaaa, oao eec oe opeea ee opaca po pacpeee o pyy.

B eopeeco acee ooo ocyee pa pacpeee . Oao paec o p oe peaoa oo epe pacpeeee o pyy. Cocooc cyeceo a peya pya, a a, a cooecyy o oeceoo oaca. o ocoeco pyo yec a-o ooec eoa, poe porpeccoo aooooe oxoo.

ae cpa cyeceoe aee ee pacpeee no ocmu. eoe pe caoc, o aaea ooc opeee a eoea oeceoe oaco, oeco aeco eo pya. Oao ec oe a, oope aca ycoc a ocaoo ooeo oppe ey aaeo ooc pea ao oeceoe oaco. oee oo, ec oppe aco oaaec opaeo. o eae eca ayao poey aoo pacpeee oxoo, p oopo x ypoe ace e o ooc, a o ooecoo coaoo ea eeoc opeoo a, aaeo ay .

Paccopee e p pacpeee opepoa peyeceo a ooec ace poe. Oao pacpeeex ooex eca a -ec ae coao-ec . p opeeex ycox o oe oaac ae aee ooecoo. Ocooe poopee ey acea coco o, o pacpeeee o peyaa pya, e oop o pacpeee o coceoc, ee aeoy epaecy oxoax, a cooeceo opee.

o epaeco eeo -a pa cocoocx e, x coao ooe pyx yco. Xo oeeoe poopee ocyaec ye a poe coe, oaoo pee o cx op e aeo. B oce cpa epaeco oxoax ac oecpoa a ce oecex oo opee aoopex oo, oope opeeeo epe peay pacnpeeeue no nompeocm.

O ocex ece ocaoo yeeo oaa, o eaco o ocoeoce pax cpa y paoaoy pacpeee e e epe ypaae oxoo, a epe ao ypoe x epea, oop oeceae coe cy pocy eoc ece c e coxpae eaoc oece a ce apa yoeope ocox opeoce ceo acee cpa.

Kpoe paccopex ooe ee o p pacpeee c noo omepe. B oe o cex ocax cocoo pacpeee apooo oaca, oepe ocoa a pe cyaoro opa cooec c aoo pao epooc. Tao oxo poee oxoo acee e ca oyc pee ceo o ec coopae. o opeeec e, o epooc pa poopoaa oecy yex eo (a oop, "e ea").

B c c e o oepe paec cea po epepacpeee ex a oy orax, acc ooeco ay oocc peo opaeo. B acoc, . e oea, o oepe ycpaa e, o xoe ac a cooa " cox oax co yoc" [. 1940. C. 52]. Aao o ee ooo cax ocox pecaee ooeco ay A. Tpo, oop, yy cpo aco oa XVI, ac ooa paya cea o, eo oca payca peo 1789 . eo coe c eoeecx e. eeoc A. Tpo coo oea K. Mapc, eo po. O peep-cpo pa, . op, ca, o A. Tpo o "coceo oeaeco a oeceo ae" [op. C. 5]. B e .opa poc ceyee caae eoo ooca o oepex: "o a ea aoo paaa aap poo, a ec ocyap op a ao ye o poy ocoo p apao.." [op. C. 100].

Ka o oeoro, acoee pe ocoa ac aoaoo oxoa oax cpa pacpeeec o pyy.

K cy po pacpeee oo oec npuun coepeeocmu onam . o p ece ee Bexoo aea ceye opypoe: "B o e e, oa o paoa, oa ay eo, o o e oo a e o ocoy e o a ee pexa" ( o: [p. 1991. C. 135]).

Heoxooc coepeeo oa pya oepaec oyeax Meyapoo opaa pya (MOT) aooaece cex cpa. Kopee cpo oa pya ycaaac opacex apx coaex, oex ooopax ey paooae pocoa, pyrx oyeax.

K coae, Pocc 90-x oo p coepeeoc oa pya oe aco apyaec a cex ypox: o ocyapcex opao o ax pep. pecae ocyapca oc o ocyce eer ae -a oxo copaeoc aoo, a pepae aepa oae eo a ocaey poy py pa. p o epeo pyooe pep oya co eae oxo coepeeo, a copy eca y apaoo a. Oeo, o o e coco-cye coaoy coac oo aex peoco eo pao.

 

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