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ooa cooo pya


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4.3. oaae eoc: poyoc peaeoc pya

 

Ocoo poeo ooeco eop xoceo pa ec aa coooe apa peyao. apa opeec o ooe ooec pecypca. Peya xapaepyc oeo yca poy, oaeo cooc, p, a ae oaae oypeococooc, aeca , oo p.

Ooee oe cyae aaec e. O aceo oo o ec eoc o apeo, xapaepya ae pacpeeee pecypco, p oopo peya o oy apae e oe yye a ce yxye peyao o py apae.

Peya ooeco eeoc ae ceo paac oea poy p. ooy paec ae oaae oc c .

poymuocm (a. productivity, e. Produktivität) opeeec o ooe apaa pya, aepao, oopyoa, ep, a ae o ooe cyap apaa pecypco. B oeeceo epaype ep productivity oo epeoc a pooeoc. Tao epeo pecaec eo. o caoc ocoeo ae ax coocoeax, a "pooeoc aaa", "pooeoc aepao" .. B ao cyae paee ya epeo: poyoc aaa (pya, e, aepao ..),

poyoc cce oe cyae opeeec o opye:

 

(4.3.1)

 

 

e p poyoc; 0 oe poy (ycy) a opeee epo pee aypax, cocx x epex (0utput); I apa pecypco, cooecye aoy oey poy (Input).

opeee poyc o a pecypco coyc opy a:

(4.3.2)

 

.. (4.3.3)

 

 

e p poyoc pya; pk poyoc aaa;

T apa pya (paoeo pee); K apa aaa.

poyoc pya oe paccac a ey paoeo pee a ooo . Oe poy apa pya ory pae acox oocex oaaex. B a. 4.3.1 4.3.2 pee ae o poyoc pya opacx oo CA CCCP oe 80-x oo XX .

Hapy c poyoc p aae poocex cce coy pye oaae [C. C.68]:

eceoc (effectiveness);

oooc (efficiency);

aeco (quality);

poc (oxo/pacxo) [profitability (benefit/ burden)];

aeco pyoo (quality of work life);

epee oec (innovation).

oaae xapaepy:

ecmeocm cee oce ee cce;

ouocm coooee eoxooo aecoo pacxoa pecypco;

aecmo cooece xapaepc poy caapa peoa opeee;

npuocm coooee ey p epa.

p aae eoc pya cyeceoe eopeecoe paecoe aee ee coooee p o aoo a eeoc cooecyx apa pya. Taoe coooee B.B. Hooo aa maeocm mpy. paec o oaae eecoopao opee a pemaeocm ampam a onamy mpya a pemaeocm cyapx ampam a nepcoa:

(4.3.4)

Zi > Zi*

e ri peaeoc pya i-o a; Di oaea cooc o eeoc epcoaa i- ; Zi apa i- ; Zi* ao oycoe aee Zi.

 

4.3.1.

(1987 .)

 

(.. 1-5 ): Maoe K. P., p C. . C.112,

 

Taua 4.3.2 poyoc pya opacx oo CCCP (1988 .)

Opac

 

Ba aoa- oxo, %

 

Koeco ax, %

 

poyoc pya

 

a

(p.2;p.3) 3)

 

Pa

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

1.                  Cecoe xoco, eca poeoc, pooco

 

22,7

 

24,0

 

0,94

 

4

 

2. poe-oc

 

42,7

 

39,0

 

1,09

 

2

 

3. Cpoeco

 

12,8

 

13,3

 

0,96

 

3

 

4. Tpacop, c

 

6,2

 

11,6

 

0,34

 

5

 

5. Topo, caee, aoo

 

15,6

 

10,9

 

1,43

 

1

 

6. poe eeoc

 

 

 

1,8

 

 

 

 

 

cou (p. 13): eoc pya ycox ooo xoce . .: Haya, 1992. . 84.

oo cpa ea Di cooecye oe aoaoo oxoa, oyeoo peyae eeoc i-o a ( acoc, o oe a i- opac aoa oxo). Ka o oaaee peaeoc pya oo paccapa opy paoo cooc [Mapc].

Heoope coooe ey poyoc, oao peaeoc pya opacx oo CA pee a. 4.3.3. Oe apa a oay pya (p. 4) o yao apaoo a (p. 6) coco o, o epe a ae oay oyco, pax e, pacxoo a ecy oo, ae ..

Ka o a. 4.3.3, oaa poeoc aae epoe eco o poyoc, apaoo ae peaeoc pya, oeaeo o coooe Z/D o opye (4.3.4). Cecoe xoco axoc a ocee ece o poyoc oae pya, a o peaeoc a opo.

 

 

4.3.3

,

cmouu: paa 2 a. 4.3.1. p. 4 6 c.: eoe py. 1992.

45. C. 30.

Oe, peee p. 8 9 a, 4.3.3. opaa peya pax o eeoc, a ae e ppox yco, ypoe execoro pa, ocyapceoo peypoa .. Be peya aoo x aopo paec eooo. ooy ae a. 4.3.3 xapaepy aao pa o apaoo a o ac aoaoro oxoa, oopa coaec ao opaca

B apoooeco acee peaeoc pya xapaepyec pee ceo oe apaoo a aoao oxoe cpa, B Pocc a o cyeceo e, e pax cpaax (o pa ea, 23 paa), o ec oo aex p x ypoe eoc oo opee aepax a. Coooee e apaoo a e oeceae oooc peaa ayo oocoax op opee oca paa . oycoea epy oepe coaa ecaoc pocccoo oeca.

poe coocaee peyaa Di apa Zi o opye (4.3.4) ooo eoopx oace opeco eeoc a ocoe cao aopcoo . Ta, oapaee opeaee cocae, a pao, e oee 20% coo ooecoo ea (ppoca p) o peaa opee. Ec p ey ea a 100%, o coooee ey peyaa apaa pya ao cyae coca:

 

e o opee, ocoax a pao ox ayx ex, ec pa peae oapaee aopo. o ceecye o o, o eoc opeco eeoc oe cyeceo e cpee o ooe cpa.

 

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