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 ooa cooo pya >>

 

ooa cooo pya


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4.2. Kooe eeoc eoea

 

B o e eeoc eoea oo e e ooe. epa xapaepye py, oe o aao exoo, cpy cxee, oa coe pao e oc ee ax eeo o, coceoo opeca. Tao py ye aa peaemupoa ά-pyo. Bopa xapaepye py, apae a coae ox yxox aepax a, a ae ox eoo pooca, o pya ye aa oauo, mopecu β-pyo.

T pepo eeoc, oopo peoaae a-py, ec oee pooceo oepa copo a oeepe c peaepoa po. Cyeceo, o ao cyae pe e e o cocoocx paoa, a o oex ooocx x peaa Peaepoa oe e oo aoapoa ec py, o , acoc, eeoc oa, ec oa coc oo ceoy oe cpy. Ta opao, ά-py oe a ec, a yce.

peyeceo opec ec py opeaee, paoaaopo, yex, eaoo, pae, eepo, opraaopo pooca, pepaee . . Bc poee opeca caec cycco, o e, a opeaece, caec oopee (opoae), poe oo, poy opeca o cepe ee yae, c opaee oc aopa. ec cya, oa oaoe opee aye op eac eaco o oopeeo pa pax cpaax. B cycce ae cya pao eoo.

B oao ooe oo xapaepc aoc opecx eeo ao e eeoc oe o oa pya e oopapa (a paoaaopce peoe, opee, ca, ..) ox oxoax paoa. B o acee p pepae, ecyeo ycox peao oype paooo ocyapca, caoc opo aopcoo roopapa. pecaec opaa, o acca o eeoc, ecye P, pepae oee o coy oxoo oy pyy c a coox poecc cae, xyoa, apxeopa . .

Bopacae po opeca aoee oeo poec oe ox o poy ycy, coepecoa exoo, yee o yex, eepo, cooapoax paox, pae, eaoo oe ceoc aoo . Meee oee popecc epaype cycce. Xo oe poy o cep ocoo pace, ee aeco aeo e cea cococye coepecoa yxooo pa eoea, o ae ocoa oo o epaa aeo ac xyoeceo yyp [Hopay, eep]. a ee e oe cac eopao. E eee ec oo aex aa opeca oac , ce coax .

Heoxooc ee yx ooe pya oeo oycoea pa pa x a oppoae oxoa pep aoaoo oxoa cpa. eee oeoo poya a ce α-pya ooo oo p yee ceoc paoo, pooeoc pee pya eo ecoc. B oe o oo, a ce β-pya poc oea poy ooe p eex ae yeaxc apaax paoero pee ecoc pya. o oycoeo e, o a ocoe ox execx, opaaox pepaecx e coac oe e, yyac apaep cyecyx, cac apa pya cpec pooca a ey oeoo ea poy ycy.

B cooec c y ooea pya a ee oo paccapa a oy c oopaa (ά, β), Pcyo 4.2.1 cppye eoooee ά-pya β-pya pax oacx eeoc.

I copa a eepe, aoce pao, poae ..;

II py paox cpee ce aa, poepoae, peoaae, eee, ypaee ppaeco;

III paoaa, opeaeco, cceoa, epaypa,

cycco

Puc. 4.2.1. Coooee ά-pya β-pya

pax ax eeoc

 

Ka o oaao a pc. 4.2.1, peya ά-pya ac o apa paoeo pee. co, opee oooc ά-pya aoro a (poecc, aa), c eoxoe ypo opo, paceoc, opaoa poeccoaa.

Ta opao:

 

Vά = f(x) (4.2.1)

e Vά peya ά-pya aoo a; x apa paoeo pee;

Peya β-pya eocpeceo ac o cocooce aoy y opeca aoc (accoapoc), opepoao cooecye apae:

Vβ=f(x, x) (4.2.2)

e Vβ peya β-pya; opece cocooc;

aoc.

co opeco eeoc c (a ά-pya) eoxoe ypo opo, paceoc, opaoa, poeccoaa.

 

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