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 ooa cooo pya >>

 

ooa cooo pya


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3.4. Kooe pyoo oeaa ccee aopo aeca

 

p aaa aeca paccope . 2. Coca cooecyx oaaee opeeec oee e aaa. Oa oea aeca oo pooc o cey apae:

paooxpaee;

cpeee opaoae;

cee opaoae;

e yco (op, aeco, ocyoc);

yypa ox;

;

epaoa;

oa paoo;

ypoe ecoepo;

poce e, oxaee cceo coao oo (poe acee);

aeco ocyoc ecx oox ypee;

poe apoa, aooa x pecye;

aeco ppoo cpe (oyx, oa, pacpyypa);

paace coo;

paooxpaee opa cy;

ypoe oecoo yac [ecep. C. 263].

Hapy c poeo opeee epe oaaee aeca cyeceoe aee ee poea x ooceo aoc. Oo oa peaec a ocoe e cepo.

o oooa coca cpyypy oaaee aeca , eecoopao cxo cpyyp opeoce eoea. p o (c. pa. 2.1) eoxoo ya pae ypoe yoeope opeoce py acee. paecx ee epy oepe ao opee e pa oaaee, oope yy oppoa ccey opae (ocoeo o oo, opo ). B oeo cee, poea oocoaoc oaaee aeca opeeec po oee cca eoeecoo cyecoa.

p, opeee aeco , eoe pe aapoac c o coo oaca cpa. o cepe XX . ocoy pecae o pax oaca oo o cec eco opye . e: "Tpy oe ... oaca, e eo a" [e. 1940. C. 55]. oce pao aypeao Hoeeco pe . Tepea P. Cooy oco aopo ooecoo pa pa exec . Bece c e acoc ooecx oaaee cpa o ppox pecypco ceoc acee oeaec copeex paoax o ocoa ooeco eop (apep, ae ye "Economics" . Caycoa). B eo epo pycco epeoe e ppox pecypco xapaepyec cey opao: "0a ax p, ocx co ypoe apaoo a Aepe, oocc cepe ooeco eopa. o cpae c ceoc aero caoeeoo acee oee epo oecee ee, ye, eeo, e o pecypca" [. C. 598].

P aopo oarae, o pae cpa ac o ceoc ee acee. peyeco cpa c oo . eoc acee, p oopo ocaec acy peaoo oxoa a ooo e, paec a oay. o ooe CA . Cayco oeae: "A oe, ye epeay epe o ypoe, oop xapaepye oay ceoc acee? Ha ae opoc oa o e oe oe" [Ta e. C. 598].

Ka oaae o, e ppox pecypco ceoc acee a peya xoceo eeoc e ca ooa opee. B acoc, ca oa cpaa acoee pe ooc o eap, oope oaa eca cy ppo pecypca, o acaec ceoe acee, o co ypoe aococo xapaepe a cpa c o co ee (CA, o, epa), a eox cpa (ceyp, ).

Ocooe eco aae Poc. Haa cpaa oae cex pe o ppo pecypca. o ceoc acee peocxo ce pae cpa Epo. Bece c e o oaae aeca (opeee poyo a, oeceeoc e, ycya, cocoe opo ee . .) Pocc oa e eac yy copoy, a ocee oea oaaac ce cpa c aoee ypoe aococo.

C oa XIX , ocoeo oce opo poo o CA epo o oco oaae ooecoo pa aococo acee. Oao ocee ece cya eec cece oo, o eoope cpa e oee coe e poca BB a yy acee, e CA, oope ye oep epoe eco o ypo .

ooc o ac a ocee yaa . p o ececeo opaee copecoy oy, pee ceo pa, oope a epco Hepao XVIII ., Ar XIX . CA XX.(c. a. 3.4.1).

Cpe p, oope oycoa epco cpa, acoee pe aoee cyece pac e, oope ca c xapaepca acee, ocoeo a, a eo opaoaoc, poeccoa, pyoa aoc pepoc. Bay po rpa ae ecee ooe, opeee oooc cooa oeaa a. oee eo ooecoro poca CA, aaeec 90-x oax, oycoeo pee ceo cooae a aaex cox exoo, a ae ycee rpa yex ceaco, o ce . B CA c oo cox exoo coaec ooo pe BB, a Epoe e oee 10% [ec .1997. 6. C. 6].

 

Taua 3.4.1 ep ooecoo pa XVIIIXX .

epo

 

pooeoc

 

Cpaa

 

17001785

 

85

 

Hepa

 

17851890

 

105

 

A

 

1890?

 

104

 

CA

 

 

cmou: . 86.

B eo oea cpa a ocoa arococo ee ee opeeec cey pecypca: 1) ppo; 2) eoeec; 3) pooce aco; 4) opao yxo.

pupou pecypcau , cpaa a ac eoro apa: ee eopaecoe ooee, oopoe e, oee coaee, aac o, a . . Ho cyecya ccea aoax ceo e opaae ocaoo epe e ppox pecypco ooecx aopo a ooy cpa. B acoc, pya eca oo paccapaec a ppoc BH, xo opaee ooece ocec o xoceo a oy pec oxo o cooa eca a coa cp.

eoeecue pecypc cpa opeec ceoc aece xapaepca . Baee ac eoeecx pecypco ec pyoo oea (c. Pa. 3.2).

pouocmee u uacoe pecypc, a oopyoae, aac cp, aepao, poy, acoe . Bce aepae pecypc oy coceoc pep, ocyapca paa.

opauoe u yxoe pecypc o poee ay, epayp, cycca, pe, a ae pa oa.

Paccopee pecypco xapaepy oea cpa. Eo cooae ac o oecex ooe, ocyapceoo ycpoca cce ypae, pep.

opepooo oe aoc aopo aeca oe cooa ec ceyeo a:

I = I I I I I , (3.4.1)

 

e I ec apo aeca ; I ec p ; I

ec pyooo oeaa; I - ec pooceo-acox pecypco; I ec opaoo-yxox pecypco; I ec cce ypae oeco pep.

p o ec pyooro oeaa:

 

I = I I I I I I . I I⠠ , (3.4.2)

 

e ec xapaepy cooeceo: opoe, paceoc, opec oea, aoc (accoapoc), opraoaoc, opaoae, poeccoa, pecypc paoero pee.

Ha ocoe eca aeca oo cpaa aop coao-ooecoo pa pax cpa . p copeeo caceco ae e cea oo oo ycao ey aoro peex eco. Oao o ox cyax oy oye opepooe oe aecex . B acoc, ec p cpae Pocc o cxo ecpaoo coooe aeca (I = 0,1) p, o cpe oeceeoc ppo pecypca ooo e Pocc, ec pa oe, e e o (I ≈100), o ce ocae ec oayc cyeceo eue e, Ocoeo o oocc eca pyooo oeaa cce ypae.

 

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