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ooa cooo pya


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Topecu nomeua

 

B oe XX . opeca eeoc caoc aoee ae aopo ooecoo pa. o poec pax opax. Bo cex pax cpaax cyeceo poca o , ax peyeceo yce pyo. Hapep, CA oa yeac a 19501990 , c 36 o 60%. Koeco eepo a o epo poco 4 paa, yex oee e 5 pa. Ta aaee "ee opo" (epaoe eepep) coca CA cue 70% pyococooo acee oya oee 80% oa oa pya.

eee oea poy p ce apa paoeo pee ecoc pya caoc oo cece cooa ocooro a ppox pecypco opecx cocooce eoea, oope oe o pyx pecypco e oy cepa. Haoux ycexo ooeco pa oe aea oac e cpa, e coa aye yco peaa opecx cocooce, ocoeo, cepe ay, opeaeca paoaa.

Ba cpa poy ayy oeaec pa oaae: o oecy Hoeecx pe, ya, cco ayo epaype. o ce oaae cya e oy Pocc. 380 Hoeecx pe o e, x ee o 1987 . 143 o pcyeo aepac ye, 68 ac oo 10 pycc . aypeaa ce apa pa ca 5 pyccx coecx . oce 1975 . coece pocce yee e yocaac Hoeecx pe. Pacpeeee cpa o oey oecy aypeao Hoeeco pe oac ay epayp 1995 . cey opao: CA 186 eoe, Beopa 87, epa (o 1949 .) 44, P 23, pa 43, e 29, eap 16, CCCP Pocc 15, a 13. Pycc cae . y e oa cco oeecx aypeao c oeo "e rpaaca", a o . poc (ocye coec cyo a yeco) a paa CA. Ceye oe, o 156 186 Hoeecx pe, oyex paaa CA, pxoc a epo oce 1945 ., oa "yea yo" y cpay caa ocoeo aeo.

Bao xapaepco opecoo oeaa cpa ec oeco opee. o o pa o pocccx aopo poo oe opee o oo pa ee o aopo CA o. Ocoeo eo ocaae o epoe, ceo exe, poocy peeo a. Oo xapaepc eoc ay ec opeaeca aoc yex, . e. oeco opee o, pxoxc a oy cy ayx copyo. o oaae CCCP eo 54, PCCP 50, a pax cpaax ooo 300 [oc. 1997. 24. C. 8]. B ccee oeo ayo-execoro ypo cpa coyec oaae, paccae a poeee eca pyeoc a o aeo. B cepee 80-x oo o oaae CA coca 104 541, o 76 984, Taa 1000, CCCP 400 [oc. 1997. 24. C, 8]. Ceye e y, co aeo xapaepye e coo opeaecy aoc, coo oooc cpa ac pecpa opee. o py p oooc Pocc aeo xye, e pax cpaax.

paecoe aee opee opeeec x pae pe cepo pee pooce. o ace xapaepyec cey a. oeo oeca opee, ceax Pocc, aeyec a pyeo eee 1%. B CA o oaae cocae 30%, eap 40%. o pax cpa poo oe aeo cocae: CA 30%, P 20, o l0, pa 8, Beopa 7, Pocc 1,5%. Pae cpa oya o copa ayo-execx papaoo 2030% ax ocye. B ae cpae o oaae ec pa e.

B o, a ae pyx cpaax, aeoe pae oy "py aeca", yaca oopx c ocoo paoe. Oac eeoc ax pyo e opaea opoca yye aeca; o papaaa peoe o paoaa paec cex copo eeoc coeo exa, a oa pep. Ao coyc pae op aepaoo opaoo oope paox a yace paoaa. B oe o oepeae Pocc o oecy paoaaopcx peoe a ooo paoa oee e 500 pa.

Haoe oep oo Pocc oycoe e coo eocao oeco opee, coo ocyce aepecoaoc x paeco pee. a ea e cxo co cpa ea, Oao eee ece eo e eec. Kaccec ca pep c eoo epepo pa ca, oop opee CCCP 50-x oax, yocoe eco ocyapceo pe, pa o ce pe. o oy eoy o poo 90% ca, P 85, o Kopee ce 70, a Pocc eee 15%.

peee ae ceye paccapa ocpyo acee a aca peepo poca eoc pya oaca cpa a ce yero cooa opecoo oeaa apoa. Pocc peep ccc co apo oapo.

pep M. B. ooocoa, . . Meeeea, . . aoa, H. . Baoa, . . aay, . . Ka, . B. Kaopoa, A. H. Tyoea, . acepaa, A. aooa, . pocoo, A. Coea ox pyx oaae, o e Pocc e eee aa, e x aae ocoe . Heao ex, o poc Pocc CCCP, oy cepy ecoc, ca rpaaa CA, pa pyx cpa ( . ao, aaocpyop . Copc, ooc B. eoe, cae A. Ao, . y, o . poc, xyo M. aa p.). a ceecy o aeo opeco oeae ee Pocc. o oceero pee o a pecypc cooac oe oxo, o peo ea ocec oo cpa arococo acee.

 

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