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ooa cooo pya


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Hpacmeocm

 

Baoc ecx ooecx poe ep epoeco aye paccpe . Co ocoe e o o paoe "Hoaxoa a". B e oepac pae pa ey ayo o paoao ee xoca ooo cycco aa cocoe xpeaco. 0 ocee Apcoe ca: "... cycce aa cocoe, ocoy oo caaec opoo eeoc, oa e ae peea oce e, a a eo ec oaaec ecpeeoe oaco oaae ... Bce aaec ee oopoa cpec ye co aa o ecoeoc" [Apcoe. C. 25]. Be oco opaeo oocc aoy cpee, o paccapa eo a eeoe o.

Baoc paceoc acee opao ooeco eeoc eoopao oeaac acca ooeco ay. . e pa o a: "e e oee oa, ee eepe eccepe y, ocoy oa pepaae eoea ooe; oa ae ero coec cpaxa epe coepee aoo yoo oro ea, ec o oo oe ea aaa co copo eoeecx aoo, ... e eae e oe cex ypx oco ea, oope e oy ec py " [. C. 57].

Ceeco aoc ecx ooecx poe oo ca o a, o Aa C aa co ayy eeoc a poeccop paceo oco, . e. eop opa. B paee 1.2 oeaoc, o epaa e A. Ca o "eo pye", oopa apae ec pepaee ycox cooo oype, a epe copypoaa e "orace apoo", a "Teop pacex yc" epo e eoo ooca.

. Kec, oopoo oe ca pye ooco XX ., ca: "... eoeece aooc oo apa o cpaeo eooy y a, e cyecy epce ea e aaa oe oraco. e aooc, ec o e oy yoeope a ye, oy a xo ecooc, e-paccyo cpee o ac, pyx opax caooea" [Kec. C. 425]. Bece c e oe coe aeo . Kec oea: " yepe, o ca opcx epeco aeo peyeaec o cpae c ocee ycee ... pao oo eo e, a e opce epec caoc oac opa, a" [Ta e. C. 132].

Ta opao, acc ooeco ay cpec ycao, a opo o, cocee ppoe eoea, a ooecy eeoc oecee ooe.

Hpaceoc oaco aco paccapac a pyocoece o. Taoe pooocaee ee a cop. Ee Hoo aee caao: "He copae cee copo a ee (Ma. 6,19)... yee epy po co oe y, ee oaoy o apco oe" (Ma. 19,24). Bce pe pa yxoe ye ocya cpeee oacy a ocoo e . Bece c e poeca, ca eoope pye oecc oyca, o p opeeex ycox ycea xocea eeoc ec ooyo .

"poecacoe ocee" aaa oce pao M. Beepa o eca oyp aae XX . [poe. C. 147]. ceac oe "poecaca a" aco yopeec aa ooca ocoa. P copecx ao oaae, o cpa, oopx oco acee o poecac (oa, A, eap), ep cy a y aacecoo pa oc cox eo poca pooeoc "-p" A, caec XVII , a ocoo oepee Aep, ca ocoae CA. B acoee pe cy aoee pax oocc cpa (epa, eap, Hope p.), oopx poecaco ec peoaae pee. a, payeec, e cepa p xoceoo pa, o ocaoo opeeeo xapaepy aee ecoo acea oo. ec ocoa yepa, o a aaa oppoaac aeo epe o e ypaco opa aa ooo aoee acex cypox apae xpcaca.

Be poecaa a yceoc ooeco eeoc oycoeo e, o o oaa o pe oy yoe oo ao eoe, oop cporo oae xpcace aoe, ee aoec opa e coeo pya cae e poc oo ceeoo opee aepax a, a oee coeo pa, oa epe oo. Taoe ooee pyy paeo ae o, o eeo e o "poecc" "pae" ooaac o coo Beruf.

cex eeoc aoecoo pepae paccapaec poecae a a oeceoo oope. p o yeee p oo apac e a poc opee, a a cepeee oceyee pacpee pooca. ec aece py coea c aoece yepeoc opee aepax a coca opa , oy aae upco ace. Hecoeo, o ao opa coae eca aope yco pacpe pooca poca oaca .

Ta opao, ooecoe aee poecaco opeeec cey peoa:

1.      y ece p cex ycox.1

1 B eoopx cpaax co cpex eo coxpaoc paee "ece, a ".

 

2. Cpoo o ooop oea.

3. y pyo, epre, pep, capac acao cooa ce co cocooc oro ea, oopoy pa . cex ea o ceeco oo, o ey pa.

4. o, o ce, e aee, pae oy. eoe ypae oaco, oopoe ee coo .

5. cpoo, y yepe opeocx, epe, aypae, ea ec paee. Ko e aa x pae coero ea.

p coppoa eoea pyooo, ecoo, aoro, aypaoo, cporoo cee py, o ece c e oopoo, e cooo opoe, aoc, oo ca e. Tae opae poaax . eca, apax Pepaa poeex pyx aopo XVIIXIX .

Haoee oo oceoaeo p poecaco coac cepee XVI . eee, oa ee aec aopo Ka. B o epo opoe apee cece paee, a, eap . . Teapax pecae eee e o o oa XVIII . 'Aaep Boep ca o eocao, a Pycco ao paceoc apoa.

Ta opao, poecaca a pee ocaoo coe peoa cxe eoea, oa p co oepa peaca e . ooy e ca cya oee K. o1 a oo, o poeca aeo ae caoc aea cxoepaeo, e pecae pyx oecc. B ex pex eyax, ora cxoaaeca oo peoaac aoy, pee ceo opa eo epo a coe, o cyeceo oeao eee [Baepx. C. 493]. Hae a oepac py aopa [pe. 1994. C. 4158].

1 Kap yca (18751961) - pye cxoo cxoaa XX .

 

 

M ye aeoe ae xapaepce poecaco pya c c e, o oa ec ocoo oao eoo paec o cex pax cpaax (e oo poecacx). B acoc, a pya o ocpoea a pax, aeo epe aaox paccapae (ecoc, pyoe, aypaoc, epeoc). O ca peyeceo c e, o a pepx aaa ae eaec a yax ecx, a o a oex.

o oey pa aax ceaco, ocee ece aaec oceecoe pacxoee ey ec opa x . Poc ooeco pecyoc, xapaep cex cpa, ceecye o pce eoo . ec eoo CA . ec e o o ceyee: "Ec e yy pep opeeee yc oy, o o aee opax pepe, oeceax opo a ooaee a caoe, aepacoe peocxoco oe oro e poepac" [Kooe. C. 156]. o, o pyoa a caoc aoao poeo, ceecye oee a pepx CA eeepo o e ocyaox p o eoo peya [ec y. 1996. 8. C. 68].

p xapaepce ocoeoce paoo mpyoo muu Poccuu oo pee ceo oeaec ee opea a . o oepa ae cpaex coooecx cceoa, poeex pe epoecx cpa cepee 90-x oo XX . [pco, C. 12]. Bece c e oe aec ee Pocc (H. A. epe. 11. A. Co p.) peypea o eax aceax oo . B acoc, o e . A. Coa, "...y pyccoro peca cpac cex ypa, cex pec ooy ypo, a a a accy e o o ypo caoo eeoo yoo, o ye ee epe o pe oa cpee xyeo epoo oca" [Kaapeo. C. 115].

Moe aop ( o ce M. Beep) oaa, o Pocc capoopeco o a ooecy eeoc o oo aaoo poecay epa, eap pyx cpaax. Capoop ec co pyoe, pepoc, ecoc, peoc, aypaoc, yepeoc opee, K capoopa paea 64% pecaee opoo-poeoo acca Pocc, o ce ae ece a, a Pyce Mopoo [3apya. C. 49].

Oao xocea a Pocc a aeo yaee, e poecacx cpaax, Ec Ka apea eco (a a ce o pyc), o Pocc aroopeoc oo ey cea cac ao ac eeoc pepae

oce ee oeceoo cpo ococye eoo 1917 , pyoa a Pocc ocaac oe. Ee ocoo cao coee epeco ocyapca. Haecee oro yepa a aae oece epeca apaoc aeo cypoee, e epeca oeoro eoea ce. ocoy pep coceoc rocyapca, yep pep paccapac a yep epeca cpa co ce pao ocec.

Koe CCCP o cpae c ooc apeoc opeooo Pocc oaac aeo oee o cepoa: oy, oxo, oyae app, oee e . . . . Tpyoa a a pae poopeo. C oo copo, oocee pep cpeero pyooo yaa, epa coacece ea, oo oapa o paoe, ooceo ypoe pecyoc; c pyo o, ooc, A, o eo ox caeex e.

B oe 80-x oo pyoa a Pocc o pao eac oce oepeoo opeoo ee eoo oeceoo . 90-e ro xapaepyc ecpoo poopeoc opax . o cx op e coppoac ae-o oe p, oope oo o cooca c poecaco o, coaceco o pya, py ec ccea. B opeeeo epe o cao c ocyce oepao oe aoa e. Oao o cx op o ooe e eo-o opeo. Mo oepaec caa eoxooc ao yaeao e.

Ceye oe, o pax cpaax oceee ecee xapaepyec pco eoo. o, acoc, oopoc a Epoeco oepe o peope ceo opaoa, poxoe 1997 . aepo. B peex oepe o oeeo, o yepce o ca ocoo oppoa, pacpocpae ox eoo yypx eoce [ec. 1997. 3 o.].

Bcepa cop oaae, o epo peo, oecex opce, peo ce ooe coceoc cea ca c poco coao apeoc, aae aoecex eeo, poco pe. 0 ooocx ooae ycox ocyapceo cy ee a 500 e o ae p Koy ca: "Ec ocyapco ypaec pao, o co e. Ec ocyapco ypaec epao, o co oa" [yceo. C. 42].

Be oeceo cy a paceoc aapoa H. . epe, . Copo, C. pa, pye pycc .

Maccoa paa, epaa e ee opo coa yco cpoo epaeoo ooae eo eeo oo, ceo pyooca pep, cex, o o pee ca o ee ac. B ecoo pa ycac epea oxoax. pee xocex copo oceeco coyc pae eo.

More cpaa e cya Pocc c peea epoaao aoe aaa, "oo aaa" "ooo xopa". Ec oee e aao. cp oo aep P, ra ocpyop eeoo "ooecoro ya" . pxap 1945 . ca: " e cpa coe pepeoc epao oe oo, oao cyecoae coooo pooo xoca cao c peoca, oope y ac y ea o ce ceac ocycy" [pxap. C. 30].

"... opaoe paoee popeae ae aca, o o ae ocyapceo-oece ocec ae ypoae opy peya eeoo apoa raax ceo pa a pa oa, oa eoxoo ce ca cpec cepe oopoe o paeco eaaee ox ae cop, o yoae oceoex o o oopaaec o o. Me e a cpy oo, coae, oe xopoo eco, a ceoo cpo, apa apoep pyc cpeca pooca poe pep, o a a, e o e ce" [Ta e. C 31].

epe 50 e cp oo Pocc, o aoee aopex oeecex ooco poeccop E. . c ae o o e caoe: "a, oao, ocoe peea op pao, cae ae ceo c py coa opce, oa peeo oyca opa eecoc peaec oopao, ypoa yco oeca. Toa oae coeo poa pooopa, epoe ooee pa aoc, pacpocpaeec oyee, o oaa, pa , opoa poe oepo ooeo. caoc op. He a y ac ceac?

... Mpoo a oyoa oa "ocyapco eec pe", e poaapoa o 69 cpa o oce ycexa . Bae aopo ec oep rocyapcy co copo ecopo, a paa, aax co cpoe cepee, a pyx ocpax oa. e e ec oep, e oe oe ec, e e e ooecoo poca.

ce rpy cpa ca ec oep cpaax CH, a, y ac. He, e Ape aco Aepe. oey? A o ooy, o e pe a e,

...Hopaa peye, o o oy ecoc cpaeoc. O ac ac, o e o, o cpa co epe opoo oece aeca, a ypy . o e poa, e yo, o oea HEOXOMOCT. He ceae, e oe, oo oypa ce aue ye ce cpao poa eoc, ypaa aoe. Xoeoc , o ocee caa cex ac ca ypoo, epeoo oo" [A. 1997. 33. A.].

B ayo ea yce eoopao oeaoc, o oce 1985 . poccce pepae, o, eeep cpo yco aae caap opee, o e po ocaoo aoc ocoe aax caapo opaa pya, ocoeo ac ecx paox op.

Oa ocox oo peopaopo oo Pocc oce 1985 , cocoa o, o coepeo e yaoc cocoe oeceo opa oox ee ee xoe pacopa xocex ooe. eo o peo ecpeeeoy pocy pecyoc. ocoy cepee 90-x oo oa caa ocoo poeo Pocc, ce coo-y ae apa ooecx pee o oeac o x a ypoe paceoc acee poey ocaoy. e ox pee eoo coao oe aoe yeee apa a paooxpaee opa e ac cyecex peyao.

B oce o Pocc ocpaec aa ecopa a cpaa c aoee co Epoe ypo oppy ecooo pca [ec. 1997. 15 a.]. Ta a e ec eooo oece pae oo oee ypo , papaoa peaa ep o coepecoa xoceo caoc acoee pe oco ycoe xoa cpa pca.

 

: ooa cooo pya

 

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