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3.1. Cpyypa opeoce eoea

 

Ocoe poe aaa opeoce coco ycaoe x cocaa, epapx, pa, ypoe oooce yoeope. poe eco aoca. B acoc, a ye oaao e, epapx opeoce o oo oycoea ypo x yoeope.

Tpyoc ye opeoce aac c opeee oea aaa. Ka ca A. Mapa, "opeoc ea eoea ec ca" [Mapa. T. 1. C. 148]. epe co e cooeece eoo ooca aope cxoor M. Apa oeae pepo o e caoe: "Ha oa eece o epee eoeecx opeoce" [Apa. C. 208].

Haoee co ya oceo acca opeoce. o pae epe, co pee Apcoe eco x eee a eece yxoe. Mapa ccaec a acca eaa, ea, eoca, MaKyoxa, epaa pyx aopo.

B acoee pe ocoo caec acca, peoea aepac cxooo A. Macoy. O ee rpy opeoce: uuoouecue, eonacocmu, npuacmocmu ( oey, oecy), npua caopeauauu (). py coca epapxecy cpyypy, . e. peoaaec, o opeoc yoeopc oceoaeo o ope, oopo o epece. Tay cxey oo opaa e pa ec opeoce.

B acca K. Aepepa eec p py opeoce: cyecmoa, cu poca. opeoc cyecoa cooecy ep y pya opeoce Macoy; opeoc c pee eepo pya; opeoc poca o pye. aa cxea, a cxea Macoy, ee epapxecy cpyypy. Ho y Aepepa "epeee" opeoce e e oo cy epx, o opao apae.

. Maea ee opeoc ocmue, coyacmu . opeoc e e epapxeco cpyyp, o aoecy acoc o yao cxoo eoea.

Oo aoee ecx ec yxaopa eop opeoce . . Coaco o eop ce aop, opee oeee eoea a pep, oo pae a e py: uueuecue omuupyue. K ep epep peaa ooc caapo-eece yco pya, oeceee ooecx opeoce, a ae opeoce eoacoc yepeoc yye. Mopye aop cooece c opeoc caopae pa.

aeoe ae yeeo aay opeoce oeeceo epaype o cxoor cooo. B acoc, B. . Tapaceo paccapa e py opeoce: cyecmoau paumu; B. . oapo p py: oecneeu, npuau npecmua.

B yeax o oe ooeco eop po eee opeoce a nepue ( e, oee, e, pooe poa) ope ( oe, a, pa). Oo oeaec ycooc ao pypo ae oeoo eoea pae epo eo .

p acca opeoce, a p o pyo acca, oo pee ceo coac peoae oo. o oaae,o a ee aapy . paccapaeo aae oee oo yco apyeo e, o o epee opeoce eoea ycao paec eooo.

Bo ox accax, o ce aoee ecx, peoae oo e . Ta, cxeax Macoy, Aepepa MaKeaa e py, oop oo o oec opeoc cooe, epe, yxoo coepecoa p.

Ba aceo aaa opeoce ec x epapx. Oa oeo oycoea pee ceo e, o ycoe ooe eeyax yxox opeoce ec yopoae ooecx cce eoeecoro opaa1.

1 e epapx opeoce eca, o pae epe, c aaa pooo ea. Mapa oo oocex coco (ope y eo, o e . Keca, a e eee ocooo eca) po ceyy ay ea: "epoe ooee eop opeoce ac, o yoeopee aoo eo a ae opeoce opoae eop oee coy opeoc" [. T 1. C. 152].

 

Oao oe aop y acoc acopy. ora cxea Macoy aaec a, yo opeoc opece caopeaa oy oc oo oce ooo yoeope cex ocax opeoce. Hapep, o aoee ecx ceaco o apey . Koep cppye pay Macoy cey paccye e CA e C, ayae y opoy ooaepy: "Kao ce poae eop Macoy a aepecoaoc e C popee ooaep? Moo oaac, o e ye yoeopa co ooece opeoc, opeoc caocoxpae coae opeoc, oope e opy ee epeca aepa. A aepecoaoc ooaepe oe pocea 6o co opeoc yae co copo pyx, o opeoc caoyepe. e xoec peaoa co opec oea pa ce epe a oopae" [Koep. C. 162].

o a pyx oca opeecoo oee ccc e C, oope . Koep aae a ecox cpaax coe , ceye, o aao ae ooo cac a epe pa Macoy e xaae oo ooaep .

Xo eoopa oceoaeoc yoeope opeoce, ecoeo, cyecye, oao ee e ca oaoo cex e. ec a, oa opeoc opece yxoo coepecoa caoac opye e oce yoeope cex ocax opeoce (ooecx, pacoc, pa . .), a, o cyecy, a pa a, oa ee e yoeope ocoe opeoc e, e eoacoc.

0 ce opeoc opece oo cy o opa axc yex xyoo. Moe x, ooo . oey, pa oooc op oaac o aooyoo cyecoa. Apxe p ocao coaa ee poee ocaex opoax. aae apc aya peo aepe papaaa oco copeeo aep; aaye y, oopa aoac eo paec, o ca aeaecy cao.

Copeea oo cxoo paccapa ce yxoe coae opeoc ( o ce opeoc opece apycecx ecx) a peya o. opeoc apae a pcocoee eoea opyae cpee, oeceee peeceoc ooe ycooc oeca.

O oaae, o epapx opeoce ec peyeceo yao . O oo ca o, o yoeopee opeoce cyecoa a eoopo aoo ypoe ec eoxo ycoe oppoa cex ocax opeoce. Ceoaeo, p acca opeoce o yac e oo x , o ypo yoeope.

Ta opao, ece a cxe acca e ya: 1) ceo aaoa opeoce eoea; 2) yax pa o cocay, epapx aoc opeoce; 3) ypoe yoeope opeoce; 4) acoc opeoce o eoce ee eoea.

o yec aop, eecoopao pee ceo e opeoc, oope opee oooc cyecoa eoea. K o pye, a pao, ooc opeoc e, oee eoacoc. M oaae, o opeoc cyecoa ceye ooc ae opeoc . o opeeec e, o eoe e oe cyecoa coo-y pooeoe pe e aoro-o oea ( acoc, ce).

Moo e ceye ocoe ypou yoemopeu opeoce cyecoa: 1) a, 2) opa, 3) ypoe poco.

Muua ypoe yoemopeu nompeocme cyeeoa oeceae ae eoea

Hopa, ao, ypoe (H-ypoe) oeceae oooc oe ax eeyax yxox . o ypoe oe opeee a cyeo, a oeo. B epo cyae pepe oce H-ypo caec pe, oopoe eoe a c o yoeope opeoce e, oee, e . eecoopao cxo oo, o o pe e oo pea oo pee op. Oeo oeo H-ypo oe opeec e, oop cep ca eoxo pax o eeoc. B acoc, py axepo oocc cy aoee ecx oacx. ooy apa a ae ox y axepo oeo oe, e y copo popo oopcoo epcoaa.

poe pocou peaaec ca ao, p oopo yoeopee opeoce cyecoa e H-ypo caoc caoe () cpeco eocpa cooo oeceo . Ha ypoe poco eoe "e, o ec, a e ec, o ". Xapaepca cooecyeo opaa eec paoax A. Mapaa, T. Beea ox pyx aopo.

Ta, y Mapaa ec ceye yepe: "3ao, apaee po poco, oaac e, oao o opo ocee, ec opa yx oeca co oy e ea cex o xacoca ya oaco" [Mapa. C. 206] "...Mp aoo coepeee, ec a oya ee eue poe, capac pa x c o pe x co paco; ... oec, oaaeoo a oee aococoe cocoo, a a y pa co oxo, o oa cax ax aa paecoo poe ooeco ay opay e" [Ta e. C. 207].

peee ypo, payeec, e cepa cex cyee yoeope opeoce cyecoa. B aece cpa oo pec ae o "oe" opeoce epa oce opo poo . C oeoc, coceo eeoy y, ooc P y o pex oux oax opeoce eee epx 56 e occaoe oo: "der sogenannten "Fresswelle" (a aaeo "oe oopca"), "der Kleidungswelle" ("oe oe"), "der Wohnungswelle" ("appo "). oce oo ca paac opeoc poco (die Luxusbedűrfnisse) [Lippens. 8. 12].

oca e ypoe yoeope oorecx opeoce cyeceo e a cpyypy eeyax, coax yxox opeoce. Bece c e c peex pee eco, o e ee eoe opepoa a aepae aa, e oe y eo coo o ex ocoec cx pa . Kaccec pepo cpaeoc oro yepe ec . Oa ee o eo caa c o ey Aecapa Maeocoo (yea Apcoe). Ha opoc ap: "e oy ee oo?" oco oe: " e oo oa poca oo, acoe e coe"

Bce ee oco peoe ee e, oro po aa e eoeeca, pa payoy opae ooecx opeoce. Moocee caa a y ey po A, oe. Hapep: ...Copa, p e caex poae peeo poco, ocy: "Coo cyecye e [. . 12]

Mooce cceoa ycaoeo, o co cpo ooec opeoc, a pao, y oe yxoo aee ocao ac acee. O pyex coooo pa p Copo y orpa 4600 xpcacx cx. O ycao, o "ecop a aceec opa , oopoy ceoao ouco x, cpe pooeoc cx, a 37% ex, o yep yeec e coe cep, oaaec aoo oe, e y x copeeo, ae oe, e y cerox epoee aepae" [Copo. C. 226]. oce XVII coe "ocpooco" cx peo yao oco yeo oe oe XIXaae XX eo [Ta e].

B cooec c oe ye aa aou ae opeoc cyecoa, oope cooecy opaoy ypo x yoeope,

oce oce oo ypo oppyc nompeocmu ocmueu ee uu, oope (c. pa. 1.2), eecoopao epepoa a epe py:

1) aepae aa yya ce;

2) ac caa;

3) a opeco;

4) yxooe coepecoae.

B acoc o yax cooce, cocooce pa y ox e oce yoeope aox opeoce ye opoa cpeee aca opee aepax a; y pyx ac cae; y pex a opecy; y eepx yxooy coepecoa.

Cpyypa opeoce oe ec y ooo oo e eoea a poe pax epoo eo .

p o, e e cyeo-opa ypoe aox opeoce, e oee epoo, o oce x oce yy opoa eeyae yxoe opeoc.

B eo cpyypy opeoce eoea oo pocppoa pc. 3.1.1. Pae ypoe aox opeoce cyecoa pax e o eeoc pecaeo a e cyeao e.

 

 

 

Puc 3.1.1. Cpyypa opeoce eoea

B aee ocaoc a poee pa opeoce.

Ha epx cpaax o ocoa ooeco ay oo ocypyec, o ax pa e cyecye. Hapep, o ee ooo aoee cox yeo CA o ooe oeaec: "coa ooeca poea, c oopo caaec oe oeco, aaec oe ey aec eopae eoeec opeoc oapax ycyax opae pecypca, oope oy cooa yoeope x opeoce" [ep. opy. ae. C. 1]. Aaooe yepee caa ceac P [Lippens, S. 13] oeecee aop. Tec o epaoc opeoce oo paccapaec a ea acoa, oopo oc eoxooc paoaoo cooa opaex pecypco, o, co oepe, peopeee pe ooeco ay.

Hecoeo, o e e pa yxoe opeoc eoea, ero cpeee a, pa pee cox . o e acaec aepax opeoce, o x epaoc e ca oeo. B pe ee ea payoo eoea c ca oa oopaee ocaoo ope.

oa epaoc opeoce o execoo popecca. Ho, coaa oe oap ycy, o, oeo cee, paaec poce cpeeyeoo opee ep pyx pecypco ppo. x oeco opaeo ocoo yeaec.

eco, o aaco e ox pyx oex coaex ocaoc a ecoo ece. o a ce oee ocoaec opaoao ac acee e oe e a oppoae eo opeoce.

oo o oaa eoxooc paoaoo cooa opaex pecypo, coepeo e oaeo cxo aco o epaoc opeoce eoea, eco, o e ee peoa aco, e poee ae eop. ooy aece ocyaa, opeeeo aa ooeco ay, oe ocaoo yepe o o, o opeoc e oe oooce x yoeope.

 

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