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1. Ramachandran, V. S., Feldman,. R. F. and Beaudoin, J. J., Concrete Science, London: Heyden & Son Ltd. (1981).

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4. Roy, D. M. and Asaga, K., Rheological Properties of Cement Pastes, V. Effects of Time on Viscometric Properties of Mixes Containing Super-plasticizers, Cem. Concr. Res. 10: 387394 (1980).

5. Ramachandran, V. S., Adsorption and Hydration Behavior of Tricalcium Aluminate-Water and Tricalcium Aluminate-Gypsum-Water Systems in the Presence of Superplasticizers. /. Am. Concr. Inst. 80: 235241 (1983).

6. Ramachandran, V. S., Influence of Superplasticizers on the Hydration of Cement. 3rd Intern. Congr. Polymers in Concrete, Koriyama, Japan, 1071 1081 (1981).

7. Ramachandran, V. S., Elucidation of the Role of Chemical Admixtures in Hydrating Cements by DTA Technique, ThermochimicaActa 3: 343366 (1972).

8. Ramachandran, V. S., Effect of Calcium Lignosulfonate on Tricalcium Aluminate and its Hydration Products, Materiaux et Constr. 5: 6776 (1972).

9. Massazza, F., Costa, U. and Barrila, A., Adsorption of Superplasticizers on Calcium Aluminate Mono-sulfate Hydrate. Amer. Concr. Inst. SP-68, 499514 (1981).

10. Collepardi, M., Corradi, M. and Valente, M., Influence of Polymerization of Sulfonated Naphthalene Condensate and its Interaction with Cement. Amer. Concr. Inst. SP-68, 485498 (1981).

11. Collepardi, M., Corradi, M., Baldini, G. and Pauri, M., Influence of Sulfonated Naphthalene on the Fluidity of Cement Paste., VII Intern. Congr. Chem. Cements, Paris, vol III, 2025 (1980).

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18. Ramachandran, V. S., Interaction of Calcium Lignosulfonate with Tricalcium Silicate, Hydrated Tricalcium Silicate and Calcium Hydroxide, Cem. Concr. Res. 2: 179 194 (1972).

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28. Hayek, E. and Dierkes, P., X-ray Examination into the Effect of Melment on the Hydration of Gypsum and Cement Phases C3A and C3S. Melment Symp., Trostberg, pp 14, (1973).

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36. Mailvaganam, N. P., Slump Loss in Flowing Concrete. Superplasticizers in Concrete, Amer. Concr. Instt. SP-62, 389403 (1979).

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38. Perenchio, W. F., Whiting,

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40. Hattori, K., Experiences with Mighty Superplasticizers in Japan. Superplasticizers in Concrete, Amer. Concr. Instt. SP-62, 3766 (1979).

41. Malhotra, V. M., Superplasticizers: Treir Effect on Fresh and Hardened Concrete, CANMET Rept, Canada , pp 23, (1979).

42. Ramachandran, V. S., Effect of Retarders/Water Reducers on Slump Loss in Superplasticized Concrete. Amer. Concr. Instt. SP-68, 393 407 (1981).

43. Malhotra, V. M., Effect of Repeated Dosages of Superplasticizers on Workability, Strength and Durability of Concrete, CANMET Rept, Ottawa, Canada, pp 34 (1978).

44. Valore, R. C, Kudrenski, W. and Gray, D. E., Application of High Range Water Reducing Admixtures in Steam-Cured Cement Fly Ash Concretes. Superplasticizers in Concrete, Amer. Concr. Instt. SP-62, 337 373 (1979).

45. Aignesberger, A., and Kern, A., Use of Melamine-Based Superplas-ticizer as a Water Reducer. Amer. Concr. Inst., SP-68, 6180 (1981).

46. Johnston, D., Gamble, B. R. and Malhotra, V. M., Superplasticizers: Effect on Properties of Fresh and Hardened Concrete; Proc TRB Symp Superplast in Concr; Transportation Research Recond No. 720; Washington, D. C; January 1979.

47. Ghosh, R. S. and Malhotra, V. M., Use of Superplasticizers as Water Reducers; CANMET Division Report MRP/MRL 78-189 (J); CANMET Canada Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa; (1978).

48. Lane, R. O. and Best., J. F., Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Superplasticizers on the Engineering Properties of Plain and Fly Ash Concrete; Proc Int Symp Superplast Concr; CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa; Vol. 1, 379402; (1978).

49. Kishitani, K., Kasami, H.,

Lizuka, M., Ikeda, ., Kazama, Y. and

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50. Malhotra, V. M., Mechanical

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(1981).

51. Mukherjee, P. K. and Loughbo

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52. Eriksen Kirsten and Nepper-

Christensen Paller, Experiences in the

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53. Perenchio, W. F., Whiting, D. A.,

and Kantro, D. L. Water Reduction,

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54. Mather, Bryant, Tests of

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55. Mielenz, Richard C, Sprouse,

James H., High-Range Water-Reducing

Admixtures: Effect on the Air System

in Air-Entrained and Non-Air-Entrained

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Mines and Resources, Ottawa; (1978).

56. Mukherjee, P. K- and Chojnacki,

., Laboratory Evaluation of a Concrete

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57. Malhotra, V. M., Performance of Superplasticizers in High Water-to-Cement Ratio Concrete; Proc TRB Symp Superplast; Transportation Research Record No. 720; Washington, D. S.; (1979).

58. Roberts, L. R. and Scheinder, R., Air Void and Frost Resistance of Concrete Containing Superplasticizers; Amer. Concr. Inst., SP-68, 189 213, (1981).

59. Okada, E., Hisaka, M., Kazama, Y. and Hattori, K., Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Superplasticized Concretes; Amer. Concr. Inst., SR-68, 215231, (1981).

60. Malhotra, V. M., Mechanical Properties and Freezing and Thawing Resistance of N on-Air-Entrained, Air-Entrained, and Air-Entrained Superplasticized Concrete; ASTM, Cement, Concrete and Aggregates, Vol. 4, pp. 323, (1982).

61. Brooks, J. J., Wainwright, P. J and Neville, A. M., Time-Dependent Properties of Concrete Containing Mighty Admixtures; Proc Int Symp Superplast Concr; CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa; May 2031, 1978, Ottawa; Vol. 2, 425450; (1978).

62. Collepardi, M. and Corradi, M., Influence of N aphthalene-Sulphona-ted Polymer Based Superplasticizers on the Strength of Lightweight and Ordinary Concretes; Proc Int Symp Superplast in Concr; CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa; May 2931, 1978, Ottawa, Vol. 2, 451480; (1978).

63. LaFraugh, Robert W., The Use of Superplasticizers in Precast Industry; Proc Int Symp Superplast Concr; CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa; May 2931, 1978, Ottawa; Vol. 1, 161 182; (1978).

64. Meyer, A., Experiences in the

Use of Superplasticizers in Germany;

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CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and

Resources, Ottawa; May 2931,

1978, Ottawa; Vol. 1, 3148 (1978).

65. Hester, Weston, ., HRWR Admixtures in Architectural Prestressed and Precast Concrete Applications; Prestressed Concrete Institute, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 96111, (1980).

66. Holbek Kai, and Skrastins, Janis I., Some Experience With the Use of Suplastisizers in the Precast Concrete Industry in Canada; Amer. Concr. Inst., SP-62, 8799, (1979).

67. Collepardi, M., Corradi, M. and Valente, M., Super plasticized Shrinkage Compensating Concrete; Amer. Concr. Inst., SP-68, 159172, (1982).

68. Ramakrishnan, V., Coyle, W. V.,

Kopac, Peter A. and Pasko, Thomas

J. Jr., Performance Characteristics

of Steel Fiber Reinforced Superplas-

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SP-68, 515534, (1982).

69. Malhotra, V. M. and Carette, G. G., Silica Fume Concrete Properties, Applications and Limitations; CANMET Division Report MRP/MSL 8254 (OP&J), 23 pp., (1982).

70. Bache, Hans Henrik, Densified Cement Ultra-Fine Particle-Based Materials; Presented at the Second International Conference on Superplasticizers in Concrete, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 33 pp., (1982).

71. Quon, D. H. H. and Malhorta, V. M., Effect of Superplasticizers on Slump, Strength and Degree of Conversion of High Alumina Cement Concrete; Amer. Concr. Inst., SP-68, 173188, (1982).

72. Malhotra, V. M., Strength

Characteristics and Freeze-Thaw

Durability of Blast Furnace Slag

Concrete; CANMET Report 7938;

CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and

Resources, Ottawa; (1979).

73. Ramakrishnan, V., Workability

and Strength of Superplasticized

Concrete; Proc Int Symp Concr;

CANMET, Canada Energy, Mines and

Resources, Ottawa; May 2931, 1978

Ottawa; Vol. 2, 481514, (1978).

74. Seabrook, P. ., Malhotra,

V. M., Accelerated Strength Testing

of Superplasticized Concrete and the

Effect of Repeated Doses of Superplasti

cizers on Properties of Concrete; Proc

Int Symp Superplast Concr; CANMET,

Canada Energy, Mines and Recources,

Ottawa; May 2931, 1978, Ottawa;

Vol. 2, 609648 (1978).

 

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