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 ooa cooo pya >>

 

ooa cooo pya


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11.5. npaee pooco  

 

poea opaa oa ypaeecoo pya oceo opooe oeco ya oeeceo apyeo epaype. poe ocyac ae o ox yeax yex ocox o eeey ce ca. ooy ao paee paccapac oo pae ooe, eae aaa ooe pyooro oeaa (c. pa. 3.2) aopo eoc pya (. 4).

Ka o oaao paeax 6.1 6.2, ypaeec epcoa pep oo pae a p py: pyooe, ceac (eep, ooc, pc p.) exece coe. Opaa oaa pya ao x py ee cyecee ocoeoc, oope opeec pee ceo pa ypox oeo oyco peaea y, a ceoaeo, coooe α-pya β-pya.

B eeoc execx coee oo e caape, oopec ee pao, oope oy peaepoa o cocay pee . B o cce poe opaa, oppoa oa pya ao rpy ypaeecoo epcoaa peac pao a e, a paox, xo oo cyae py apae a opaoy opa, a pyo eeca ep.

Tpyoe poecc eoopx ceaco ae coepa aey o caapx eeo. B acoc, o oocc o o poe, ao ye paoa, oope oc opeeex peex paax o caap ce cxea opaao poeypa. Tae cxe poeyp oppy mexoou ynpaeu npouocmo.

eec oeece apye o poo aaecoo oppoa eoopx pao o oe y ypae. p o pooc paeee poeo, aoo, yeo o aa a ee opeeee pyoeoc aoo eea c ye yco pya cpec exaa paceo. Oa pyoeoc pee aa opeeec cypoae pyoeoc eeo c yeo oooce apaeoo oe ace pao. Hoppoae pyooc eeo pao o ypae pooco pooc a ocoe acca apa paoeo pee, c eee oooe-aeoo pee, oepaoro pee, pee a ox e aooc.

Hapy c p aaec eoa oppoa ypaeecx pao coyc ae ocee eo, ocoae, a pao, a ycaoe pepeccox acoce ey ceoc epcoaa o y ypae a ee aopa. B o apae oe ae oe cceoa ceaca H pya opace opaa.

epao poeo opaa oa pya cyax ypae pooco ec coae yco poe peaa opecx cocooce ceaco pyooee. Oeo o ceye oo, o copeex ycox oy yceo paoa oo ae pep, oope poo ay oaoy oy. Tae p oa aa pea1 .e. opepoa a opeco epcoaa.

1O creativity (a.), Kreativität (e.) opeco.

 

Cce aa cyoc oaoo eeoc a pep ep o . yeep. O e ocoe apae ooee, oocoa aoc po pepaee x ocyece, poaapoa o oaoo eeoc

B acoee pe po e ceye mun ooeeu: npoyme (oe e opeecoro pooceoo aae), mexoouecue (oe exoo), coe (oe coae cpyyp exa) onece, coeae aae oec.

Mpoo o cypoa oa oe paoax M. Ao, M. paea, . Ca, B. Kpepa pyx aopo. Ao aoee ae yee oy ocx pep oooc eo cooa pyrx cpaax, o ce CA; pae opoo aae o aepaco opopa M; C opaec a o CA o; Kpep aapye o P.

Haoee oo eo cypoa oa a pep oe oopa paea, oceo oy eyapoo opopa M. a popa ec oo 25 oa pa (11 ocx, 10 aepacx, 4 epoecx), aex ao co aeo pe. Kopopa aa py ooo 60 c, aeoa paoopax oapo. Tpe oea ee poa pxoc a oy poy, oopa e ycaac ee e aa [pae. C. 14.].

Kopopa ec M opepoa a ex apaepo: coae ox e, oe epeay exoo yp p, caocoeoc xocex oee oaoo eeoc pacpee ooo oaopo opeco oce.

B cyae oep ooee oppyec pya o coa peaa poo ap oo poy. Koa poy xo a po, eep-oaop oyae cayc "eepa o poyy". Koa e oe peaa ocae 1 . o. o, oeco oaae pap ocoeo poy cayc opaee eo pyooca coa eec. p oce oea peaa 5 o., o pocxo peopaoae, a pyooe caoc "ypa o poyy". Ec ypoe poa pec 20 . o., opayec eac oe pooca ca o cooecyy poyoy . Koa ocaec ypoe 75 . o., oppyec caocoeoe xoceoe oeee c cooecy cayco eo pyooee.

Hapy c exooe, papaaaeo cao oa, poo paa ce ce coae M c py pa (epe epoae), c yepcea oea. Ta, oa ee ce yepceo oee, peocae pa yo CA pyx cpaax. Ocyecec ce 80 coecx ayo-cceoaecx popa c 50 yepcea CA. Kopopa acpye p eypx oa, opopy epe x pae ex pcox p, coaaex eac opeae. Ha popeee aoee epcex pcox p M eeoo pa 100150 . o.. Ta opao, coaa oa ooaaa ccea ayypoa ooee x peaa.

B oeex M ec e oce poex y poecce ooee: "apepeep", "eepaop e", "opaoe ppa". B re paea o xapaepyc cey opao.

"Apepeep" ea ypa oaooo ypae. o, a pao, ep pyooe, oop oepae poae oe e, o ce co cocee, e oc oeoro pca eopeeeoc, cocoe aoy ocy ecaapx pee peooe pyoce p x ooe. apepeepa xapaep ceece oc ep: y, peaoc ee, aoc, cocooc a pc peooea popaece pepa, o ocoo oepy opea "apepeepa" a aa ypee oopa pax ao coa oec, epeo coyec oe "papeep". "Apepeep" oo a pyooe py o papaoe peaa oo e, opaee o oo poy, ypa o poey.

"eepaop e" xapaepyc cocooc "paaa opoe cpo ooe co opax peoe, e oac eeoc pee cceoa, cpeee pee cox poe, eacoc cyex. "eepaopa e" oy e oo yee ceac, o eep, apoae paoe, ceac yoax cy. Tpaoa paa eopaoo ee "eepaopo e" pe oee oe opec opaao pee: ac oaopa oao pcaac y "eepaopo e" c cooecy cya. epepoae pep oe xapaepc ax oaopo coyc p oope paccaoe apo, acoc opex

ayo-execx poeax p opaoa yppex eypx opaee...

"opaoe ppa" axoc yox oax oyaox cee, ayypy epeoc ceapoay opa, opopy oo ayo-execx, oepecx pyx cooe.O aaa pacpocpa oee a epeoo o. o ae ceo apoae ceac, ee apy c poeccoa a poy oocapy oooy. a aoc o y, eee pacpe ooo ax paoo, peocae ocy opao coa ceapoa ya, ae cc pacc pao opa, o ce o epo ce, pacpe oooc yac pax ceapax oepex, eex pyax "oox aaax" Oceoa oaa, o "opaoe ppa" pacy o cye cpee, e x oe [pae, C, 2930].

Maepaoe oapaee eeepa M paeeo a e ac: aoy apay "yace px".

Opa yo opeee ypo oxoo cy aa pa pya. pe e cpeecacecoro pa pya o cpae eo, a ax oypeo. M ce a ao apa, ooex a x op cypoa 15 eyx oax. oo eac ae pe apoc oyppy pa. Te ca ycaaaec aoa oaa o oco aeop ypaeecoo . oee oo, a peea CA (apep, Pocc) M oeaec opae c py ooaoa opopa, coae oopaoe exa ex ec a opeeeo peoao pe pya.

Ba epe "yace px" e cya a paoe oyc a oaa cepx. o oa ac peeax poo oycoeoo cpeeo ypo oa pya ao aerop ypaeecx apo, eco yaa c oe peyaa. p epo aae paoa a y ypaeecy ooc o oapae, pxoac a "yace px", cocae o 5 o 15% yaec c poc cooecyeo opaee. o epe cyeoo poca poe pyooe o "yac px" yeaec o 1/3, a cocae caac o peyaa eeoc opaee, py (ceopa) opopa eo. Tao oxo acaec pee ceo ex pyooee. ace px ypax yoax cy cao c peyaoc opopa eo, o o ac oppepye c paro pyooe epapx [pae, C, 85].

Meo oa pya M pyx apyex opopax epaype e ocac, a a c oepeco ao.

p aae oo CA o cypoa ooee oo oepaec aoc opaa pyo aeca (o) pa peyaoc CA. co ax pyo pa epec CA ca, a o eca c [C].

Kpy aeca ca opaoac o oce opo poo . Koe pyo aeca a papaoaa a ocoe aepacx eop, o peaoaa c yeo ocoeoce eaea pa o.

CA oee xapaepa opaa pa peyaoc, oope peay po cep y o ypae pooeoc opaeex p, a apoae, opo, oa.

pepo cpaeeco opea a ooee ec oa M, oopa oaec ae oopo copyo, oco oee x aa a ce p, oae opeca (a oy cex copyo: "yae!"), eo cceo aeca, opeee ay x oxoo [Poepc, Mepcep].

O opaa oa ooee a pepx pax cpa ee cyeceoe aee Pocc. o oycoeo pee ceo e, o, o oa a, acoee pe oo 5% oeecex pep ocyec papaoy epee exooecx oa. Cya aax oe ooy Pocc a epo 19901997 . yeac ( coocax eax) 5 pa. oc oopyoa a ox pepx o pecoy ypo. ocoo caec oeco ox a, aapao, popo. B x ycox aa oaoo eeoc caoc oco apaee pa oo Pocc [. 1998. 8].

 

: ooa cooo pya

 

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