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10.2. Cacec aa pacpeee oxoo

 

B poo ooe oco coa x oxoo c:

1) pyoa eeoc epcoaa, paoaeo o ay, coox poecc;

2) pepaeca eeoc;

3) coceoc;

4) cpeca ocyapca pep, pacpeeee cooec c paeoc opeeeo coao pye aeop epcoaa;

5) e ocoe xoca (IIX).

epoy yaax coo cooecye oxo e apaoo a oopapa; opoy pepaeca p; peey e poe a aa; eepoy pacepe ae (ec, oco, ce . .), a ae ycy pep co paoa e ecoo ocya, oe aa . ., oy poy, oooc oxa, eee cpeca o X. Kpoe yaax, eoopx cpaax, o ce Pocc, 90-x oax ae oxo o eerao eeoc,

Cpyypa oo oxoa o oro oeo oycoea cceo ocyapceoo ycpoca, ooeco cyae, opa coceoc, pa, O o Pocc o pax cpa ec ooceo coa o poy X cooyo oxoe acee. B eo o Pocc oa cocae ooo 13%. e eee peo, e, a pao, e o oxoo o X. Ta, Moce Ca-eepype ae oxo coca ooo 1%, a coco oac ce 36%.

O cpyyp oxoa cyeceo ac:

o, a ceoaeo, peya eeoc e, o eocpeceo cao c ooo pep, peoa cpa;

aoooe ey x pya pocex oeax, peoax cpae eo;

aeco e, xapaepyee cee yoeope x aepax, eeyax yxox opeoce.

Ta opao, cpyypa x oxoo cyeceo ooopao e a yco e, eeoc pep pyx coao-ooecx cce.

ocyapcea caca Pocc aoee ocoepo cpye opa o pex ocox coax -x oxoo: 1) apaoo ae; 2) coax pacepax; 3) oxoax o pepaeco eeoc o coceoc.

C aaa 90-x roo ocoa ee a x oxoo opeeec cee o apaoo a pco pepaecx oxoo (a. 10.2.1).

p aae aeca cpae cyeceoe aee ee pacpeeee acee o ee oxoo. Kpa pacpeee, a Pocc oa 80-x oo, pecaea a pc. 10.2.1. B o po xapaepe acoee pe acee pax cpa.

Pcy 10.2.110.2.5 acoa ca A. . aoa, oooeo a ocoe eo pao o pay Pocccoo yaapoo ayoo oa [].

                                                                                                               aua10.2.1

aa cpyyp x oxoo Pocc 90-x oo ( %)

Caraee oo oxoa

 

o

 

1992

 

1994

 

1996

 

Oaa pya

 

69,9

 

46,6

 

42,5

 

Coae pacep

 

14,0

 

15,4

 

13,9

 

pepaece oxo oxo o coceoc

 

16,1

 

38,8

 

43,6

 

Bceo

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

Heoopao oeaoc, o p opao yopye ooe epea x oxoo oe apocpoaa oapec opa aoo pacpeee.

Acep cooecye po opaae o, o o cex cpaax oeco ex oe oeca oax. p o co epao ox oxoo cyeceo oe ca epao ax oxoo. O "rop" a pc. 10.2.1 xapaepye aey o cpeeo acca, oop e ee peo paex pa o ypo aococo.

Cpe acc pax cpa ec yaeo x oeco cac, oopa aeo epe oycoea ooec: cooecya ac acee oeceea aoycpoe e, ooe ae py aa.

Xo oaa caca e oo epe yae peae oxo cex py acee, ecoeo, o a 90-e o cpyypa acee Pocc o ypo aococo pao eac. Cyeceo ycoc pae ey oa e, yeac o ex, oo oo oec cpeey accy. a "opa" a pc. 10.2.2 10.2.4 cooecy o ex oax. Coepeo oeo, o pa "op" e oe peyao pa ee apaoo a. O oycoe pepaec oxoa oxoa o coceoc.

06 yce ooeco epea acee Pocc 90-x oo ceecye ae apaa opea, cocaea o e xapaepca pacpeee oxoo (pc. 10.2.5). Cece yeaeoc epaeca oxoo caoc peoe pae opae oax ex coe oeca.

Heoxoo oe, o oe epea oxoo, peee cae A.. aoa, cyeceo e, e y oca pyx aopo. ae oao cac opae a. 10.2.2. eec pacxoe oeax epea oxoo oycoe e, o e aex ax o oxoax aoee ex oax rpy acee, a ae aeo oe eeo . Oao ce ceac coac o, o epea oxoo Pocc aoo ( 1,52 paa) o, e pax cpaax.

 

 

Puc. 10.2.1. Pacpeeee acee PCCP

o cpeeeco apaoo ae apoo xoce 1986 . (e a o oo oeceoo opee)

 

 

 

 

 

 

o acee, %

 

Puc. 10.2.2. Pacpeeee acee o oxo (a ec) pya (apape 1992 .) cmou: ooa , 1992. 44. Hop.

Puc, 10.2.3. Pacpeeee acee Pocc o oxo (a ec) pya

. 10.2.4. Pacpeeee acee Pocc o oxo (a ec) pya (opop 1996 .) cmou: cep. 1996. 45. C. 24.

 

. 10.2.5. apaa opea (pacpeeee oxoo acee CA Pocc) cmou: [ao]

B 1997 . cpeey accy Pocc po ooc ce co cpeeye ec oxoo 3001000 o. CA. ceoc oo coaoo co cocae ooo 10% acee Pocc. B Moce o cpeeo acca aeo e ooo 25% [ec. 1998. 19 .].

 

Taua 10.2.2.

Pacpeeee oeo oea yaex eex oxoo acee P 19941996 .

eee oxo (o 20%- pya)

 

1994 .

 

1996.,

l-e oyoe

 

epa (c ae oxoa)

10%

 

5,3

2,2

 

5,4

2,4

 

Bopa

 

 

10,2

 

10,1

 

Tpe

 

15,2

 

15,1

 

eepa

 

22,4

 

22,3

 

a (ace oxo)

B .. 10% aoee oeceex

 

46,3

32,0

 

47,1

31,0

 

Koe oepa oxoo ()

 

0,409

 

0,382

 

Coooee oxoo 10% aoee oax 10% aoee ex

 

15,1

 

13,4

 

 

cmou: [eco, ].

                                                                                                Taua 10.2.3

Coooee ypoe apaoo a opacx oo Ca-eepypa (1997 .)

Opac

 

apaoa aa, % cpeey ypo

 

poeoc

 

90

 

Cecoe xoco

 

86

 

Tpacop

 

117

 

C

 

132

 

Cpoeco

 

124

 

Topo

 

92

 

Oeceoe ae

 

49

 

o-oyaoe xoco epoocee ooo ocya acee

 

114

 

paooxpaee, eca yypa coaoe oeceee

 

70

 

Opaoae

 

65

 

Kyypa cycco

 

65

 

Haya ayoe ocyae

 

72

 

aoca eeoc

 

3,5 paa

 

paee

 

1,7 paa

 

 

o cpae c pa cpaa Pocc o cpeeo acca ceoc acee 34 paa ee. Bece c e oeeceo apyeo epaype oeaec, o ocee o ycac ee opa acee pe pax cpa. B acoee pe CA 20% aoee oao ac acee aee 44% oxoo. poopyec, o 2005 . a o pace o 60% [ec. 1998. 19 .].

0 coooe oxoo o pya opacx oo Pocc oo cy o coooe apaoo a a pepx Ca-eepypa (a. 10.2.3).

0 pa oxoo paox cpaax Epo oo cy o pc. 10.2.6.

Pc. 10.2.6. Cpe oacoo oxo epoecx poex

paox (o, CA)

cmou: acoe . 1997. 13 op.

 

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